While our physical offices are closed until further notice in accordance with Austin's COVID-19 "stay home-work safe" order, the Handbook of Texas will remain available at no-cost for you, your fellow history enthusiasts, and all Texas students currently mandated to study from home. If you have the capacity to help us maintain our online Texas history resources during these uncertain times, please consider making a 100% tax-deductible contribution today. Thank you for your support of TSHA and Texas history. Donate Today »


Chester R. Burns

TAYLOR, THADDEUS A. (1875–1952). Thaddeus A. Taylor, physician, was born on July 21, 1875, in Prosperity, South Carolina, the son of Monroe and Kelline Taylor. He attended public schools and St. Luke's Academy in South Carolina and received a medical degree from Memphis Hospital Medical College in Tennessee (1901). He began practicing medicine in Lufkin, Texas, in 1908, specializing in anesthesia and internal medicine. He invented an oxygen tent that was adopted as standard equipment in naval hospitals during World War II. He was the author of several publications dealing with oxygen therapy. Taylor was twice elected president of the Angelina County Medical Society. He served as a member of the House of Delegates of the Texas Medical Association (1930–43; 1949–51). He was also an active member of the American Medical Association. He served as president of the Lufkin Independent School District, as a member of the city council and the Lufkin Chamber of Commerce, as a member of the board of managers of Angelina County Hospital, and as a member of the board of directors of the Guaranty State Bank, the Angelina Hotel, and the Taylor Hardware Company. He was also a longtime member and elder of the Presbyterian Church. Taylor married Leona Fisher, and they had three sons. In 1946 he married Vernon Jordan Ware in Dallas. Taylor died in Lufkin on July 17, 1952.

Lufkin Daily News, July 17, 18, 1952. Texas State Journal of Medicine, September 1952.

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Chester R. Burns, "TAYLOR, THADDEUS A.," accessed July 07, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fta45.

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...