SWEET, JAMES R.
SWEET, JAMES R. (1818–1880). James R. Sweet, Confederate officer, was born in Bridgetown, Nova Scotia, in 1818. He was married to Charlotte James, and they had two children. He established a business in St. John, New Brunswick, but in 1849, after business reverses, he moved with his family to San Antonio, Texas. He entered a partnership with his brother-in-law John James in June 1850. James supplied the capital, and Sweet ran the business. He was engaged in the mercantile business, speculated in mining, and bought land at the head of the San Antonio River within the site of present-day Alamo Heights, where he built a large home. The property was later purchased by George W. Brackenridge and became the site of the campus of Incarnate Word College. Sweet served as mayor of San Antonio from January 1, 1859, to May 26, 1862, when he resigned to join the Confederate Army. He entered as a major in the Fourteenth Cavalry battalion and was promoted to lieutenant colonel when his unit was merged into the Thirty-third Cavalry regiment. He served in the Rio Grande valley. At the end of the war, along with Gen. John B. Magruder, Gen. Joseph Orville Shelby, and others, he remained in Mexico during the Reconstruction period. After his return to San Antonio he bought an interest in the San Antonio Herald in 1873; later, failing health forced him to retire. His son Alexander Edwin Sweet was a journalist on the Herald before gaining nationwide fame in Galveston. James R. Sweet died in San Antonio on December 12, 1880, and was buried in City Cemetery.
Vinton Lee James, Frontier and Pioneer Recollections of Early Days in San Antonio and West Texas (San Antonio, 1938). San Antonio Express, December 13, 1880. Marcus J. Wright, comp., and Harold B. Simpson, ed., Texas in the War, 1861–1865 (Hillsboro, Texas: Hill Junior College Press, 1965).
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, S. W. Pease, "Sweet, James R.," accessed April 29, 2016, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fsw11.
Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Modified on March 8, 2011. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Get Texas history every day,
with day by day
Each day's email tells a little bit more of the story of Texas and links to our collection of more than 27,000 articles