While our physical offices are closed until further notice in accordance with Austin's COVID-19 "stay home-work safe" order, the Handbook of Texas will remain available at no-cost for you, your fellow history enthusiasts, and all Texas students currently mandated to study from home. If you have the capacity to help us maintain our online Texas history resources during these uncertain times, please consider making a 100% tax-deductible contribution today. Thank you for your support of TSHA and Texas history. Donate Today »


Diana J. Kleiner

STITH, MACLIN S. (1813–ca. 1861). Maclin S. Stith, Wharton County judge and planter, was born in Virginia in 1813. In 1846 he served as chief justice of Wharton County and in 1847 as Preston postmaster. He developed three plantations, including Lalla Rookh, 1,597 acres on the site of present Boling; Hidalgo, an additional 1,800 acres near Iago; and Oakland, 800 acres near Burr. In 1850 Stith had property valued at $14,450 and sixty-nine slaves; in 1860 he had 118 slaves and 1,160 acres of improved land. In that year he produced 6,000 bushels of corn and 520 bales of cotton. In 1861 when Texas joined the Confederate States of America, Home Guard units were created and Stith became Captain M. S. Stith of the 26th Infantry, Wharton County Home Guard #3 Beat, for the Waterville area. He died around 1861 on the return from a wagon journey to take community cotton to market at Brownsville, more than 300 miles away. According to local sources, slaves made him a coffin from lumber bought in Brownsville and returned him to Wharton County with all the money from the cotton sale.


Annie Lee Williams, A History of Wharton County (Austin: Von Boeckmann-Jones, 1964). Ralph A. Wooster, "Wealthy Texans, 1860," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 71 (October 1967).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Diana J. Kleiner, "STITH, MACLIN S.," accessed June 02, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fstah.

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Modified on October 24, 2013. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...