Frederick W. Rathjen

STUDER, FLOYD V. (1892–1966). Floyd V. Studer, businessman, civic leader, and amateur archeologist, one of six children of Julius Caesar and Ella (Gallaher) Studer, was born on July 3, 1892, in Canadian, Texas, where he attended public school. He became interested in archeology when he unearthed a mastodon's tooth in the breaks near his father's ranch. In 1907, at the age of fifteen, he accompanied T. L. Eyerly, his history professor at Canadian Academy, and several classmates on a field trip to search for prehistoric sites and artifacts. They discovered and conducted the first excavations of the pre-Columbian Indian site known as the Buried City, on Wolf Creek in Ochiltree County. From that time on, Studer made numerous field trips in which he gained intimate knowledge of the archeology of the Canadian River valley. Though an amateur, he soon became a friend of nationally known archeologists. Studer became an owner in his father's cattle-ranching firm, J. C. Studer and Sons, in 1913; he was also an officer of the First National Bank of Canadian. He married Annie Ball Cooper on June 15, 1915, and they had two daughters. In 1925 the Studers moved to Amarillo, where he became a director of the American National Bank. In addition, he was the first president of the Northwest Texas Association of Life Underwriters, for which he afterward served as a director and a vice president. Later he was district superintendent of the American United Life Insurance Company. At one time or another Studer was president of at least twelve Amarillo civic organizations and was a deacon in the First Baptist Church. He sold out his interest in the family's ranch in 1950. Annie Studer died in 1957, and on June 10, 1959, Studer married Susan Cooper Bushfield. In his youth, Studer had become aware of the Alibates Flint Quarries, the site of which he kept secret for thirty-five years, and the pueblo ruins of the Texas Panhandle Culture (see ANTELOPE CREEK PHASE). During his lifetime he explored the Canadian River and all its tributaries, eventually locating and mapping more than 200 Panhandle pueblo sites and bringing them to the attention of leading archeologists and geologists, including Charles N. Gould. Studer served as president of the Texas Archeological and Texas Mineral societies, and was a leader in the Panhandle-Plains Historical Society. He was influential in the establishment of the Panhandle-Plains Historical Museum in Canyon, to which he donated most of his collection of artifacts, and served for a time as its curator of archeology. During his later years he was a leader in securing the preservation of the Alibates Flint Quarries and the establishment of the Texas Panhandle Pueblo Culture National Monument. Studer died of a heart attack in Amarillo on March 31, 1966, and was buried in Llano Cemetery.


Amarillo Daily News, April 1, 1966. Sallie B. Harris, Cowmen and Ladies: A History of Hemphill County (Canyon, Texas: Staked Plains, 1977). Joseph A. Hill, The Panhandle-Plains Historical Society and Its Museum (Canyon, Texas: West Texas State College Press, 1955). Alex D. Krieger, Culture Complexes and Chronology in Northern Texas, with Extension of Puebloan Datings to the Mississippi Valley (University of Texas Publication 4640 [Austin, 1946]). Floyd V. Studer, "Archeology of the Texas Panhandle," Panhandle-Plains Historical Review 28 (1955).

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The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Frederick W. Rathjen, "STUDER, FLOYD V.," accessed July 17, 2019,

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Modified on May 3, 2019. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

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