STOCKTON, ROBERT FIELD
STOCKTON, ROBERT FIELD (1795–1866). Robert Field Stockton, United States Navy officer who informed the Texas government of the annexation decree in 1845, was born at Princeton, New Jersey, on August 20, 1795. After attending the College of New Jersey, he was appointed midshipman in the United States Navy in 1811. In 1845 he was chosen to convey to the Texas government the resolution providing for annexation. He was instructed to put in at Galveston, display the American flag, and endeavor to ascertain the sentiment of the people regarding annexation. Stockton was so eager to bring Texas into the Union and to extend its limits at the expense of Mexico, that his superiors felt it necessary to warn him against rashness. His presence at Galveston had some influence in determining the action taken by Texas, the first news of which was brought to President James K. Polk by Stockton. His next assignment was to the command of the Pacific fleet, and his vigorous action in California at the outbreak of the Mexican War contributed to the American success there. He resigned from the navy in 1850, held the office of senator from New Jersey (1851–53), espoused the cause of the American party, and in 1861 was a delegate to the Peace Conference at Washington. He died on October 7, 1866.
George L. Crocket, Two Centuries in East Texas (Dallas: Southwest, 1932; facsimile reprod. 1962). Dictionary of American Biography. Justin Harvey Smith, The Annexation of Texas (New York: Baker and Taylor, 1911; 2d ed., New York: Macmillan, 1919; 3d ed., New York: Barnes and Noble, 1941; 4th ed., New York: AMS Press, 1971). Walter N. Vernon, "McMahan's Chapel: Landmark in Texas," Methodist History 9 (October 1970). Walter N. Vernon et al., The Methodist Excitement in Texas (Dallas: Texas United Methodist Historical Society, 1984).
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, C. T. Neu, "Stockton, Robert Field," accessed May 28, 2016, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fst61.
Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Modified on March 28, 2016. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Get Texas history every day,
with day by day
Each day's email tells a little bit more of the story of Texas and links to our collection of more than 27,000 articles