SLAYDEN, JAMES LUTHER
SLAYDEN, JAMES LUTHER (1853–1924). James Luther Slayden, United States representative, son of Thomas A. and Letitia E. (Beadles) Slayden, was born in Mayfield, Kentucky, on June 1, 1853. Upon the death of his father in 1869, he moved with his mother to New Orleans, Louisiana, where he worked for two years before attending Washington and Lee University at Lexington, Virginia, in 1872–73. He returned to work in New Orleans until November 1876, when he moved to Texas. He settled in San Antonio by 1879 and became a cotton merchant and rancher. In 1892 he was elected to the House of Representatives in the Twenty-third Legislature. In 1896 he was elected to represent Texas as a Democrat in the Fifty-fifth Congress. He was reelected to ten succeeding congresses. As a legislator and later as a congressman Slayden promoted the growth of the railroad system in Texas. In Congress, while a member of the Committee on Military Affairs, he encouraged the expansion of Fort Sam Houston and was instrumental in making San Antonio a military center. He was appointed one of the eight envoys to the centennial celebration of the Mexican republic in September 1910 and was appointed by Andrew Carnegie as one of the original trustees for the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace in October 1910. For several years Slayden was president of the American Peace Society. He was also chairman of the American group of the Interparliamentary Union. After his retirement from Congress in 1919, he divided his business interests between an orchard in Virginia, a ranch in Texas, and a mine in Mexico. He married Ellen Maury (see SLAYDEN, ELLEN M.) in 1883. Slayden was an Episcopalian, a Mason, an Elk, and an Odd Fellow. Washington and Lee University honored him with the Phi Beta Kappa Key. He died in San Antonio on February 24, 1924, and was buried in Mission Park Cemetery.
Biographical Directory of the American Congress. Sondra Wyatt Gray, The Political Career of James Luther Slayden (M.A. thesis, University of Texas, 1962). Vertical Files, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin.
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article."SLAYDEN, JAMES LUTHER," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fsl05), accessed February 11, 2016. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Get Texas history everyday,
with day by day
Each day's email tells a little bit more of the story of Texas and links to our collection of more than 27,000 articles