While our physical offices are closed until further notice in accordance with Austin's COVID-19 "stay home-work safe" order, the Handbook of Texas will remain available at no-cost for you, your fellow history enthusiasts, and all Texas students currently mandated to study from home. If you have the capacity to help us maintain our online Texas history resources during these uncertain times, please consider making a 100% tax-deductible contribution today. Thank you for your support of TSHA and Texas history. Donate Today »


Kathleen Doherty
Town and Valley of Mesilla
Illustration, Town and Valley of Mesilla, by Carl Schuchard in 1854. Image available on the Internet and included in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.

SCHUCHARD, CARL (1827–1883). Carl Schuchard, illustrator, engineer, and miner, was born in Hesse-Cassel, Germany, on September 18, 1827, the son of Johann and Wilhelmina (Hartart) Schuchard. He graduated from the school of mines at Freiburg and joined the gold rush to California in 1849. He later went to Texas and in 1853 acted as artist to Andrew B. Gray's survey for the prospective route along the thirty-second parallel for the Texas Western Railroad Company. Although Schuchard and Gray had their differences regarding the selection of sites for illustrations, Gray praised Schuchard's work as "accurate" and "well-executed." Schuchard's illustrations in Gray's report include views of forts Chadbourne and Mason, the Hueco Tanks, several points at and near El Paso, the Guadalupe Mountains, and the Rio Grande and Pecos rivers. The vegetation in some illustrations seems a bit lush for the areas it depicts, but the pamphlet was, after all, a promotional piece. In addition, changes made by lithographers were not uncommon. The Smithsonian Institution housed Schuchard's drawings, but a fire in 1865 destroyed them as it did John Mix Stanley's work.

After his work on the survey was completed, Schuchard went to southern Arizona, worked as a mining engineer, and invested in the Sonora Exploring and Mining Company, which, like Gray's expedition, was funded by the Texas Western Railroad Company. Later he sold his mining interests and returned to Texas, where in 1859 he had a sheep ranch near Fredericksburg. Schuchard married Anna Stahl; they had one son. After the death of his wife in 1862 he went to Mexico and opened the Sierra Mojada Silver Mines in Corralitos, Chihuahua, Mexico. He was the manager of the Corralitos Mining Company when he died on May 4, 1883.


L. R. Bailey, ed., The A. B. Gray Report (Los Angeles: Westernlore Press, 1963). A. B. Gray, Survey of a Route for the Southern Pacific Railroad, on the 32nd Parallel (Cincinnati: Wrightson's, 1856). Robert Taft, Artists and Illustrators of the Old West, 1850–1900 (New York: Scribner, 1953; rpt., Princeton University Press, 1982). Vertical Files, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin.

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Kathleen Doherty, "SCHUCHARD, CARL," accessed May 31, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fsc77.

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Modified on May 6, 2016. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...