While our physical offices are closed until further notice in accordance with Austin's COVID-19 "stay home-work safe" order, the Handbook of Texas will remain available at no-cost for you, your fellow history enthusiasts, and all Texas students currently mandated to study from home. If you have the capacity to help us maintain our online Texas history resources during these uncertain times, please consider making a 100% tax-deductible contribution today. Thank you for your support of TSHA and Texas history. Donate Today »


Bernard L. Fontana
Arthur Carl Victor Schott
Photograph, Portrait of Arthur Carl Victor Schott. Image available on the Internet and included in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.
Seminole Chief 'Grizzly Bear'
Painting, Seminole Chief 'Grizzly Bear,' by Arthur Schott. Image available on the Internet and included in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.

SCHOTT, ARTHUR CARL VICTOR (1814–1875). Arthur Schott, naturalist, artist, engineer, poet, geologist, and musician, was the son of Christian Friedrich Albert Schott. He was born in Stuttgart, Württemberg, on February 27, 1814. He attended a gymnasium and then a technical school at Stuttgart, served a year's apprenticeship at the Royal Gardens in Stuttgart, and attended the Institute of Agriculture at Hohenheim. He was hired by the United States Boundary Commission in 1851 as a "special scientific collector." Beginning in late 1851, he worked with the commission under William H. Emory in surveying the boundary between Texas and its neighboring Mexican states; collecting botanical, geological, and zoological specimens; submitting notes on geology, plants, and animals; and drawing landscapes and Indians. Lithographs and engravings based on Schott's Texas drawings were published in Emory's official report of the boundary survey, most notably those of Seminole, Lipan Apache, and Kiowa Indians; of the Military Plaza in San Antonio; of the Mexican military colony at Piedras Negras; and of falls on the Rio Grande forty miles below Eagle Pass. Schott also made significant contributions to the study of Texas geology. He examined sedimentary deposits and fossil evidence in the Rio Grande basin in order to establish the dates of inundation of the area by the sea, and made important contributions to the study of mountain formation. After completion in the mid-1850s of the boundary survey, Schott worked on a survey for a possible transoceanic ship canal across the Isthmus of Darien; collected zoological and botanical specimens in Yucatán; surveyed native vegetation in Washington, D.C.; and worked in the coast survey office. He died in Washington, D.C., on July 26, 1875, leaving a widow, Augusta, and six children.


Bernard L. Fontana, "Drawing the Line between Mexico and the United States," American West, July-August 1983. Gretchen G. Fox, Arthur Schott: German Immigrant Illustrator of the American West (M.A. thesis, George Washington University, 1977). W. H. Goetzmann, Army Exploration in the American West, 1803–1863 (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1959; 2d ed., Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1979; rpt., Austin: Texas State Historical Association, 1991).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Bernard L. Fontana, "SCHOTT, ARTHUR CARL VICTOR," accessed July 09, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fsc13.

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Modified on May 6, 2016. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...