While our physical offices are closed until further notice in accordance with Austin's COVID-19 "stay home-work safe" order, the Handbook of Texas will remain available at no-cost for you, your fellow history enthusiasts, and all Texas students currently mandated to study from home. If you have the capacity to help us maintain our online Texas history resources during these uncertain times, please consider making a 100% tax-deductible contribution today. Thank you for your support of TSHA and Texas history. Donate Today »


Aragorn Storm Miller

SALTER, CHARLES P. (1830–1899). Charles P. Salter, planter, miller, Confederate officer, and state legislator, was born in Washington County, Georgia, on March 9, 1830. He was the son of Zadoc and Nancy (Gainer) Salter. His parents died when he was about fifteen, and when Salter was about eighteen years old, he moved to Pike County, Alabama. There he married Margaret Ann Talbot on October 3, 1850. This couple had four children, but three sons died in childhood. Salter immigrated to Texas by 1853 and settled a large farm and plantation near Sterling in Robertson County. By 1860 he was among the most prosperous citizens and prolific cotton producers of the community and claimed $43,750 in personal and real estate property on the 1860 census. His wife died in 1861. Some years later he married Bertha Lovett and they had two children, but one died in infancy.

At the outbreak of the Civil War, Salter volunteered for service in the Confederate Army. Initially he served as a first lieutenant and saw combat. In 1863, however, the Confederate War Department ordered Salter transferred to quartermaster duty as a captain, charged with establishing a cotton and wool mill in Texas as an aid to the war effort. Accordingly, Salter traveled to Virginia to secure parts and machinery for the mill and returned to Texas later in 1863. After overseeing the construction of the mill at Hearne in Robertson County, Salter helped create a joint stock company which allowed leading cotton planters to sell a bale of cotton—duty-free—on the international market for every bale donated to the Confederacy. This plan eventually allowed several hundred bales to be sold, via Matamoros, Mexico, and supplied the Confederate treasury with more than $500,000 before the end of the war. Salter himself donated approximately 100 bales.

Following the war Salter continued his leadership in community affairs. He served as alderman for the town of Calvert in Robertson County, and in 1868 he worked as the contractor to construct the Houston and Texas Central Railroad from Bryan to Calvert. In 1872 he won election as a Democratic representative for District 18—comprised of Freestone, Leon, and Robertson counties—to the House of the Thirteenth Texas Legislature. He served from January 14, 1873, to January 13, 1874, and was on the Commerce and Manufactures Committee, Indian Affairs Committee, and Committee to investigate State Asylums. Charles Salter was a Mason and member of the Knights of Honor. He died in Robertson County in 1899 and was buried there at Calvert Cemetery.


J. W. Baker, A History of Robertson County, Texas (Waco: Texian Press, 1970). John Henry Brown, Indian Wars and Pioneers of Texas (Austin: Daniell, 1880; reprod., Easley, South Carolina: Southern Historical Press, 1978). Legislative Reference Library of Texas: Charles Salter http://www.lrl.state.tx.us/legeLeaders/members/memberDisplay.cfm?memberID=4820&searchparams=chamber=~city=~countyID=0~RcountyID=~district=~first=~gender=~last=salter~leaderNote=~leg=~party=~roleDesc=~Committee=), accessed July 30, 2014. Members of the Legislature of the State of Texas from 1846 to 1939 (Austin: Texas Legislature, 1939). Robertson County Texas: Talbot Cemetery (http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~txrober2/cemetery/talbot_cem.htm), accessed July 30. 2014.

Aragorn Storm Miller

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Aragorn Storm Miller, "SALTER, CHARLES P.," accessed August 12, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fsa93.

Uploaded on July 31, 2014. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...