Gladys Rutledge Edwards

RUTLEDGE, PAUL LAWRENCE, SR. (1904–1961). Paul Lawrence (Red) Rutledge, Sr., educator and community leader, son of Sam A. and Catherine C. (Warren) Rutledge, was born at Hempstead, Texas, on September 19, 1904. His parents were one of the pioneer black families to settle the area of Bishop, Texas, around 1911. Catherine Rutledge taught school for forty-two years. Paul Rutledge received his elementary education in the public schools of Round Rock and Bishop. He completed his secondary education at the Junior-Senior Academy, Prairie View Normal, and graduated with B.S. and M.S. degrees in agricultural education from Prairie View A&M in 1931. He later earned an M.A. from that institution. He also studied at Tuskegee Institute and Atlanta University. During his college career at Prairie View, he served as president of the class of 1931 and was a member of the debating team and an honorary society. Rutledge began his teaching career at Domino, Texas, in 1931. He served as principal and vocational agriculture teacher at Flint Hill (1933–37) and Green Bay (1937–42) high schools in Anderson County. He helped organize the Anderson County Teachers Association in the 1930s. He joined the Texas Education Agency in Vocational Agricultural Education in 1942 as supervisor of Area 2, a post he held until his death in 1961. In the early 1950s Rutledge helped secure National Education Association affiliation for black educators. Rutledge joined the Baptist Church at an early age and was a member of Mount Pilgrim Baptist Church Tucker Community at the time of his death. He was a member of the American Woodmen, Camp 66, Palestine, Texas. On September 24, 1933, Rutledge married Johnnie L. Cephas (1908–1994) of San Marcos. They had three sons. Paul L. Rutledge, Sr., died on December 28, 1961, and was buried in Magnolia Brotherhood Cemetery near Long Lake, Texas. In 1993 members of the Anderson and Houston county historical commissions dedicated a Texas Historical Commission marker at his gravesite.

Houston County Courier, January 24, 1993. Palestine Herald Press, January 26, 1993.

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The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Gladys Rutledge Edwards, "RUTLEDGE, PAUL LAWRENCE, SR.," accessed December 05, 2019,

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
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