While our physical offices are closed until further notice in accordance with Austin's COVID-19 "stay home-work safe" order, the Handbook of Texas will remain available at no-cost for you, your fellow history enthusiasts, and all Texas students currently mandated to study from home. If you have the capacity to help us maintain our online Texas history resources during these uncertain times, please consider making a 100% tax-deductible contribution today. Thank you for your support of TSHA and Texas history. Donate Today »

ROUNTREE, THOMAS H.

Matthew K. Hamilton

ROUNTREE, THOMAS H. (1836–ca. 1879). Thomas H. Rountree, county clerk, farmer, and Confederate military officer, was born on November 27, 1836, in Alabama. He was the son of Seaborn Jones Rountree and Elizabeth (Rogers) Rountree. On October 2, 1855, Thomas married Sarah V. Hancock in Jackson County, Alabama, before moving to Daingerfield in Titus County, Texas (present-day Morris County) sometime before the birth of his son, Seaborn A. Rountree. In 1860 he was employed as the county clerk for Titus County and estimated his real property at $3,800 and his personal property at $1,400.

On February 24, 1862, Rountree enlisted as a private in Capt. William H. Christian’s Company of Oran Milo Roberts’s Infantry Regiment. Throughout the winter of 1862, more companies were formed from the surrounding counties, including Cherokee and Shelby, and the towns of Clarksville, Henderson, and Marshall. On April 9, 1862, enough companies had been formed to create a ten company regiment that became designated the Eleventh Texas Infantry. On June 23, 1862, the regiment was reorganized under provisions of the Conscription Act, and Rountree was elected captain of Company D, the Titus Hunters.

The Eleventh Texas Infantry Regiment was assigned to the Army of New Mexico before serving as part of Horace Randal’s Brigade and Robert P. Maclay’s Brigade of the Trans-Mississippi Department. The unit took part in skirmishes in Louisiana including actions at Bayou Bourbeau on November 3, 1863. The Eleventh also took part in repelling Nathaniel P. Banks’s Red River campaign including the battles of Mansfield and Pleasant Hill. From there, the unit moved into Arkansas to defend against the Camden Expedition and fought in the battle at Jenkins’ Ferry. After operations in Arkansas, the Eleventh was stationed at Shreveport, Louisiana, before being moved to Marshall, Texas, and then Hempstead, Texas. Sometime before April 1865, Rountree was promoted to the rank of major and commanded the entire regiment at Hempstead. On May 26, 1865, Rountree and the regiment disbanded and were included in the surrender by Gen. E. Kirby Smith along with the rest of the Trans-Mississippi Department.

After the war, Rountree moved to present-day Cass County, Texas (then known as Davis County), where he lived with his wife and two sons and he worked as a farmer. Thomas H. Rountree passed away in Cass County sometime around 1879. His wife, Sally, remarried on January 1, 1880, to William C. Roberts. 

BIBLIOGRAPHY: 

Robert W. Baird, “Seaborn Jones Rountree (13 August 1792–1885?),” Bob’s Genealogy Filing Cabinet (http://www.genfiles.com/rountree/SeabornJonesRountree.htm), accessed October 23, 2012. Joseph H. Crute, Jr., Units of the Confederate States Army (Midlothian, Virginia: Derwent, 1987). Stewart Sifakis, Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Texas (New York: Facts on File, 1995).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.

Citation

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Matthew K. Hamilton, "ROUNTREE, THOMAS H.," accessed August 10, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/frodj.

Uploaded on January 9, 2013. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...