While our physical offices are closed until further notice in accordance with Austin's COVID-19 "stay home-work safe" order, the Handbook of Texas will remain available at no-cost for you, your fellow history enthusiasts, and all Texas students currently mandated to study from home. If you have the capacity to help us maintain our online Texas history resources during these uncertain times, please consider making a 100% tax-deductible contribution today. Thank you for your support of TSHA and Texas history. Donate Today »


Rebeca Anne Todd Koenig

RODRÍGUEZ, ANTONIO (1890–1910). Antonio Rodríguez, a twenty-year-old Mexican ranchhand from Las Vacas, Mexico, was the victim of a lynching in Rocksprings, Texas. He was charged with shooting and killing Mrs. Lem Henderson at her ranch home near Rocksprings on November 2, 1910. He was captured and arrested by a posse the next day at a neighboring farm, whence he was taken to Rocksprings and jailed. On the afternoon of November 4 a mob took him from his cell and burned him at the stake. His immediate and brutal execution without due process provoked immediate charges of racism and caused anti-American reactions all over Mexico, just as that country teetered on the brink of its revolution. Mobs raged through the streets of Mexico City and through towns along the Texas-Mexico border, attacking dozens of American businesses, assaulting and insulting American citizens, destroying the American flag, and making angry speeches that denounced all North Americans. El Diario del Hogar, a Mexico City daily, called the people of the United States "giants of the dollar, pygmies of culture and barbarous whites of the north." Francisco León de la Barra, Mexican ambassador to the United States, presented a claim for reparations to the United States Department of State. Ambassador Henry Lane Wilson of the United States retaliated by calling the riots a disgrace to Mexico City and to the Mexican people, and accused the Mexican government of doing little to head off the riots although advance warnings had been given. Then an unofficial and unconfirmed report was circulated that Antonio Rodríguez had really been born in New Mexico, which if true would have canceled Mexico's demand for reparation and made the United States the aggrieved party in the anti-American demonstrations. After arresting scores of rioters, the Mexican government announced that it would start conducting its own independent investigation of the Rodríguez affair through its consul at Eagle Pass. United States secretary of state Philander Chase Knox requested that Texas governor Thomas M. Campbell give Mexican diplomatic officials his full protection and support, while instigating a thorough investigation by the Texas authorities as well. Meanwhile, as both governments hastened to resolve the dispute as swiftly as possible, northern Mexico began seething in revolt, and the intense political conflicts that had been building between Francisco I. Madero's followers and those of President Porfirio Díaz finally exploded into the Mexican Revolution, which laid Mexico waste for more than a decade.

Arnoldo De León, They Called Them Greasers: Anglo Attitudes Toward Mexicans in Texas, 1821–1900 (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1983). Houston Daily Post, November 4, 10, 13, 1910, José E. Limón, "El Primer Congreso Mexicanista de 1911," Aztlán 5 (Spring, Fall 1974).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Rebeca Anne Todd Koenig, "RODRIGUEZ, ANTONIO," accessed May 26, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fro99.

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...