Jeanette H. Flachmeier
Grave of Johan Conrad Roehm
Photograph, Grave of Johan Conrad Roehm in Galveston. Image available on the Internet and included in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.

ROEHM, JOHAN CONRAD (1822–1902). Johan Conrad Roehm, Lutheran minister, son of Jacob Frederick and Barbara (Lehr) Roehm, was born in Metzingen, Württemberg, Germany, on April 2, 1822. After serving as supervisor in an orphans' home, he was admitted to the Mission Institute in St. Chrischona, Basel, Switzerland, about 1847. In 1851 he was ordained to the Lutheran ministry and was sent to America. He landed at Galveston, Texas, on November 5, 1851. On November 10, 1851, he and his fellow missionaries organized the German Evangelical Lutheran Synod in Houston. From Houston Roehm went to Fayette County but met with little success there. He went on to the Llano River area in 1853 and organized congregations in Leiningen, Castell, Schoenburgh, and Mason. In 1855 he married Louise Bandle in Comaltown and began his work in Colorado County, where he organized congregations at Frelsburg, Ross Prairie, New Ulm, San Bernard, Cat Spring, Columbus, and Alleyton. His ministerial work extended also to Hallettsville, Schulenburg, Black Jack Springs, and La Grange. In 1877 he accepted a call to Galveston. In 1901 he observed the fiftieth anniversary of his ordination, the fiftieth anniversary of the synod he helped organize, and the fiftieth anniversary of the church at Galveston. After suffering a stroke on May 25, 1902, he died on June 2 at Galveston and was buried in the Galveston Cemetery.


Johannes Mgebroff, Die Geschichte der ersten deutschen evangelisch-lutherischen Synode in Texas (Chicago: Wartburg, 1902).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to:

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Jeanette H. Flachmeier, "ROEHM, JOHAN CONRAD," accessed May 25, 2019,

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Modified on May 4, 2016. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

Get this week's most popular Handbook of Texas articles delivered straight to your inbox