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ROEHM, JOHAN CONRAD (1822–1902). Johan Conrad Roehm, Lutheran minister, son of Jacob Frederick and Barbara (Lehr) Roehm, was born in Metzingen, Württemberg, Germany, on April 2, 1822. After serving as supervisor in an orphans' home, he was admitted to the Mission Institute in St. Chrischona, Basel, Switzerland, about 1847. In 1851 he was ordained to the Lutheran ministry and was sent to America. He landed at Galveston, Texas, on November 5, 1851. On November 10, 1851, he and his fellow missionaries organized the German Evangelical Lutheran Synod in Houston. From Houston Roehm went to Fayette County but met with little success there. He went on to the Llano River area in 1853 and organized congregations in Leiningen, Castell, Schoenburgh, and Mason. In 1855 he married Louise Bandle in Comaltown and began his work in Colorado County, where he organized congregations at Frelsburg, Ross Prairie, New Ulm, San Bernard, Cat Spring, Columbus, and Alleyton. His ministerial work extended also to Hallettsville, Schulenburg, Black Jack Springs, and La Grange. In 1877 he accepted a call to Galveston. In 1901 he observed the fiftieth anniversary of his ordination, the fiftieth anniversary of the synod he helped organize, and the fiftieth anniversary of the church at Galveston. After suffering a stroke on May 25, 1902, he died on June 2 at Galveston and was buried in the Galveston Cemetery.


Johannes Mgebroff, Die Geschichte der ersten deutschen evangelisch-lutherischen Synode in Texas (Chicago: Wartburg, 1902).

Jeanette H. Flachmeier


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Jeanette H. Flachmeier, "ROEHM, JOHAN CONRAD," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed March 27, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.