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ROBINSON, TOD (1812–1870). Tod Robinson, lawyer and legislator, was born on March 1, 1812, in Anson County, North Carolina, and soon moved with his parents to Alabama. He immigrated to Texas in February 1839, after several years' residence in New Orleans, and settled on San Luis Pass opposite the lower end of Galveston Island. There, later that year, he and Matthew Hopkins established and edited the San Luis Advocate. In 1841 Robinson was elected to represent Brazoria County in the House of Representatives of the Sixth Congress of the Republic of Texas, where he served as chairman of the committee on finance. In 1842 he served in Capt. John P. Gill's company of Col. Clark L. Owen's regiment in the campaign against Rafael Vásquez. Robinson was reelected to the Seventh Congress in 1842 and to the Ninth in 1844. He was a strong advocate of annexation. He moved to California in 1849 or 1850, presumably in the rush for gold, leaving his wife, the former Mary Judith Crittenden of Galveston, in Texas. In California he became a prominent Whig politician. He moved for a time to Virginia City, Nevada, but returned to California, where he died in San Mateo County on October 27, 1870.


Texas House of Representatives, Biographical Directory of the Texan Conventions and Congresses, 1832–1845 (Austin: Book Exchange, 1941). Amelia W. Williams and Eugene C. Barker, eds., The Writings of Sam Houston, 1813–1863 (8 vols., Austin: University of Texas Press, 1938–43; rpt., Austin and New York: Pemberton Press, 1970).

Thomas W. Cutrer


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Thomas W. Cutrer, "ROBINSON, TOD," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 29, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.