While our physical offices are closed until further notice in accordance with Austin's COVID-19 "stay home-work safe" order, the Handbook of Texas will remain available at no-cost for you, your fellow history enthusiasts, and all Texas students currently mandated to study from home. If you have the capacity to help us maintain our online Texas history resources during these uncertain times, please consider making a 100% tax-deductible contribution today. Thank you for your support of TSHA and Texas history. Donate Today »


Thomas W. Cutrer

ROBINSON, TOD (1812–1870). Tod Robinson, lawyer and legislator, was born on March 1, 1812, in Anson County, North Carolina, and soon moved with his parents to Alabama. He immigrated to Texas in February 1839, after several years' residence in New Orleans, and settled on San Luis Pass opposite the lower end of Galveston Island. There, later that year, he and Matthew Hopkins established and edited the San Luis Advocate. In 1841 Robinson was elected to represent Brazoria County in the House of Representatives of the Sixth Congress of the Republic of Texas, where he served as chairman of the committee on finance. In 1842 he served in Capt. John P. Gill's company of Col. Clark L. Owen's regiment in the campaign against Rafael Vásquez. Robinson was reelected to the Seventh Congress in 1842 and to the Ninth in 1844. He was a strong advocate of annexation. He moved to California in 1849 or 1850, presumably in the rush for gold, leaving his wife, the former Mary Judith Crittenden of Galveston, in Texas. In California he became a prominent Whig politician. He moved for a time to Virginia City, Nevada, but returned to California, where he died in San Mateo County on October 27, 1870.

Texas House of Representatives, Biographical Directory of the Texan Conventions and Congresses, 1832–1845 (Austin: Book Exchange, 1941). Amelia W. Williams and Eugene C. Barker, eds., The Writings of Sam Houston, 1813–1863 (8 vols., Austin: University of Texas Press, 1938–43; rpt., Austin and New York: Pemberton Press, 1970).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Thomas W. Cutrer, "ROBINSON, TOD," accessed July 03, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fro39.

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...