While our physical offices are closed until further notice in accordance with Austin's COVID-19 "stay home-work safe" order, the Handbook of Texas will remain available at no-cost for you, your fellow history enthusiasts, and all Texas students currently mandated to study from home. If you have the capacity to help us maintain our online Texas history resources during these uncertain times, please consider making a 100% tax-deductible contribution today. Thank you for your support of TSHA and Texas history. Donate Today »


Malcolm D. McLean

ROBERTSON, ELIJAH STERLING CLACK (1820–1879). Elijah Sterling Clack Robertson, lawyer and soldier, son of Frances King and empresario Sterling Clack Robertson, was born in Giles County, Tennessee, on August 23, 1820. He came to Texas in December 1832 and entered school in San Antonio, where he learned to read and speak Spanish. From the fall of 1834 until the fall of 1835 he worked as Spanish clerk in the land office of Robertson's colony. In 1835–36 Robertson was a member of a company of Texas Rangers engaged in repelling Indian raids. From April 1837 until May 1839 Robertson attended Jackson College in Maury County, Tennessee. On his return to Texas he became a clerk in the post office department of the Republic of Texas. In June 1839 he became chief clerk, and on October 9, 1839, he was appointed acting postmaster general, serving until January 8, 1840. He served as assistant secretary of the Senate during the Sixth Congress (1841–42). He also served with a company of volunteers that pursued Rafael Vásquez to the Rio Grande. On August 5, 1844, President Sam Houston commissioned Robertson colonel of the Second Regiment, First Brigade, Militia of the Republic of Texas. In May 1845 Robertson went to Cincinnati, Texas, taking along in his saddlebags a copy of Blackstone. By clerking in a store during the day and reading law at night, he received his license that fall to practice law in the courts of Texas. He married Eliza Hamer Robertson, his cousin and the daughter of James Randolph Robertson, on July 29, 1846. They had three children. She died on March 25, 1852, and on November 8, 1852, he married Mary Elizabeth Dickey. They had twelve children.

In 1848 Robertson had been appointed translator of Spanish deeds in the General Land Office in Austin. In 1854 he began construction of his home in Salado, which was still standing in the 1990s. He was elected chief justice of Bell County in 1858 and was commissioned brigadier general of the Twenty-seventh Brigade, Texas State Troops, on April 14, 1860, by Governor Houston. As a delegate to the Secession Convention in 1861, he signed the secession ordinance. He was appointed aide-de-camp to Gen. Henry E. McCulloch in 1862 and served to the close of the Civil War. He was also a member of the Constitutional Convention of 1875. During Reconstruction he devoted his efforts to the building of educational enterprises and placing his business interests on a firm basis. Salado College was largely the result of his efforts. Robertson was a member of the Democratic party and the Methodist Church, South. He died at Salado on October 8, 1879, and was buried in the family cemetery near his home.


William Curry Harllee, Kinfolks (4 vols., New Orleans: Searcy and Pfaff, 1934–37). Malcolm D. McLean, comp. and ed., Papers Concerning Robertson's Colony in Texas (19 vols., Arlington: University of Texas at Arlington Press, 1974–93). Vertical Files, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin.

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Malcolm D. McLean, "ROBERTSON, ELIJAH STERLING CLACK," accessed May 29, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fro24.

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Modified on January 25, 2019. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...