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L. W. Kemp

RANDOLPH, CYRUS HALBERT (1817–1889). Cyrus Halbert Randolph, legislator, government official, and member of the Snively expedition, son of Jesse Nathaniel and Susanna (Halbert) Randolph, was born on December 9, 1817, in St. Clair County, Illinois. He lived in Missouri, Tennessee, and Alabama until March 1838, when he came to Texas and settled in Houston County. He was an attorney but seldom practiced his profession. His earliest service was as a member of the Snively expedition. Randolph served as justice of the peace of Houston County in 1840 and was chief justice of the county around 1843. He was elected sheriff in 1847 and served one year. He represented Houston and Anderson counties (District 5) in the House of the Fourth Texas Legislature from November 1851 to November 1853. He served in the House of the Fifth and Sixth legislatures and represented Houston County (District 28) from November 1853 to November 1857 . Randolph was state treasurer from 1859 to 1865. He was living in Austin during this time and was connected with the General Land Office and the Treasury Department.

Randolph was married twice. On November 24, 1844, he married Martha Moore. They had three children, but all died in early childhood. Martha was deceased in June 1852. On February 14, 1854, he married Susan Nowlin; five children were born to them. The family was living in Bryan, Texas, at the time of the 1870 census, and Randolph was listed as a merchant. He died on August 30, 1889. The community of Randolph, in Houston County, was named for him.


Frank W. Johnson, A History of Texas and Texans (5 vols., ed. E. C. Barker and E. W. Winkler [Chicago and New York: American Historical Society, 1914; rpt. 1916]). Legislative Reference Library of Texas: Cyrus Randolph (, accessed August 6, 2014. The Tracings 19 (November 2001). Vertical Files, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin.

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The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, L. W. Kemp, "RANDOLPH, CYRUS HALBERT," accessed August 23, 2019,

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Modified on August 6, 2014. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

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