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PROCTOR, FREDERICK COCKE (1866–1935). Frederick Cocke Proctor, lawyer, the son of David Cogswell and Ann Augusta (Cocke) Proctor, was born at Indianola, Texas, on February 19, 1866. He attended high school at Bellevue, Virginia, and the University of Texas from 1883 to 1887, when he was admitted to the bar and became a partner in the firm of Glass, Callender, and Proctor at Victoria. In 1892 Proctor entered into a partnership with his father and brother, Venable Bland Proctor, at Cuero and Victoria, and began representing railroads and cattlemen. He began practice in the United States district and circuit courts in 1893 and the United States Supreme Court in 1917. From 1905 to 1907 he was a partner of L. A. Carlton in Beaumont, and from 1905 to 1919 he served as general counsel for the Mellon oil enterprises, including the J. M. Guffey Petroleum Company and later Gulf Oil Corporation, as well as subsidiaries and affiliate concerns headquartered at Beaumont. In 1916 Proctor moved from Beaumont to Houston to work at Gulf headquarters. After his resignation in 1919, he was an advisor for the Pure Oil Company and the Union Sulphur Company. He is credited with developing real property law relating to oil and gas, corporate structure, state and federal taxation and regulation of production, transportation, refining, and marketing and with handling the industry's interests in Oklahoma Indian lands, matters relating to Gulf's investments in Mexico and Venezuela, and oil and mineral litigation.

Proctor married Lucy Wofford at Cuero on December 10, 1889; they had three children. He was a director of the South Texas Commercial National Bank and Guardian Trust Company, a Mason, and a member of the American Petroleum Institute and the Mid-Continent Oil and Gas Association. He died in New York City on May 13, 1935.


Book of Texas: A Newspaper Reference Work (Houston: Houston Chronicle et al., 1914). Frank W. Johnson, A History of Texas and Texans (5 vols., ed. E. C. Barker and E. W. Winkler [Chicago and New York: American Historical Society, 1914; rpt. 1916]). National Cyclopaedia of American Biography, Vol. 28. Vertical Files, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin. Who Was Who in America, vol. 1.

John L. Sims


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

John L. Sims, "PROCTOR, FREDERICK COCKE," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed March 30, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.