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POMEROY, ELTWEED (1860–1924). Eltweed Pomeroy, son of Isaac and Mary Jane (Taylor) Pomeroy, was born in New Jersey on September 7, 1860. He graduated from Newark Public High School in 1878. He became president of Pomeroy Brothers, a New Jersey ink and mucilage manufacturing company, in which he practiced profit sharing with the employees. Pomeroy was secretary of the National Social and Political Conference at Buffalo in 1899 and chairman of the conference at Detroit in 1901, as well as a member of various groups that advocated Fabian socialism. He became director of the Direct Legislation League of New Jersey in 1892 and was president of the National Direct Legislation League in 1896. In this connection he wrote By the People (1900), edited the Direct Legislation Record, and was associate editor of The Arena. His accumulated papers dealing with initiative and referendum are filed in the Library of Congress.

Pomeroy married Ella Levin on December 10, 1898. Illness forced him to retire from the presidency of the factory, and he subsequently moved to a farm near Donna, Texas. There he introduced various new plants into the Rio Grande valley, particularly the Foster or pink grapefruit (see CITRUS FRUIT CULTURE). He became president of the Texas Horticultural Society, honorary vice president of the Rio Grande Society, and vice president of the American Pomological Society. He died in Kansas City on October 18, 1924.


Who Was Who in America, Vol. 2.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

"POMEROY, ELTWEED," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed March 30, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Modified on September 29, 2013. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.