PINILLA, MIGUEL DE
PINILLA, MIGUEL DE (?–?). Miguel de Pinilla was a Franciscan attached to the College of Santa Cruz de Querétaro. In Texas he was part of the contingent that founded three missions on the San Gabriel River near the site of present Rockdale. Pinilla, of Nuestra Señora de la Candelaria Mission, was one of five clerics who welcomed Capt. Felipe de Rábago y Terán as presidial commander in December 1751. At that time, Father Pinilla also served as chaplain of the military garrison. Relations between Rábago and Pinilla deteriorated almost immediately. En route to the San Gabriel outpost, Rábago had entered into an adulterous relationship with the wife of a man (Juan José Ceballos) recruited in San Antonio. When Pinilla attempted to intervene, matters worsened. Rábago began offering rewards to his soldiers for procuring the wives and daughters of the missions' neophytes. And when Pinilla protested this transgression and others committed by Rábago's soldiers, the captain barred Pinilla from ministering as chaplain. The cleric responded by excommunicating the personnel of the garrison. Although excommunication was soon lifted, strained relations between Rábago and the missionaries soon progressed toward violence. In May 1752 at Candelaria Mission, Ceballos and Father Juan José de Ganzabal were both shot to death in the presence of Father Pinilla. Officially, the murders were blamed on Coco Indians who had fled the missions. Pinilla traveled to San Antonio to report the deaths. In the ensuing investigation, Rábago's complicity in the murders became increasingly evident. However, an eight-year inquest finally dismissed all charges.
Carlos E. Castañeda, Our Catholic Heritage in Texas (7 vols., Austin: Von Boeckmann-Jones, 1936–58; rpt., New York: Arno, 1976). Gary B. Starnes, The San Gabriel Missions, 1746–1756 (Madrid: Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 1969). Robert S. Weddle, The San Sabá Mission (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1964).
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Donald E. Chipman, "PINILLA, MIGUEL DE," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fpi43), accessed February 07, 2016. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Get Texas history everyday,
with day by day
Each day's email tells a little bit more of the story of Texas and links to our collection of more than 27,000 articles