PHILLIPS, JOSEPH (1831–1863). Joseph Phillips was a Confederate States of America Army cavalry officer. He was born on October 31, 1831, in Elizabeth City County, Virginia. His father's name was also Joseph. The older Joseph Phillips, a widower in 1850, was a younger brother of Lt. Col. Jefferson Curle Phillips of the Thirteenth Virginia Cavalry.
Joseph Phillips the younger was a farmer, sawmill and livery stable owner in Elizabeth City County before the war. He enlisted as a private in Company B, Third Virginia Cavalry, on May 14, 1861, and was promoted to second lieutenant as aide-de-camp to Gen. John Bankhead Magruder and Gen. John Bell Hood. He distinguished himself in battle at the Second Battle of Bull Run and during the Seven Days battles. He was made captain of cavalry on October 14, 1862. When Magruder assumed command of the District of Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona, Phillips went west with him. He was promoted to colonel on February 13, 1863. He was then appointed as commander of the Third Texas Cavalry, Arizona Brigade, when it was formed on February 21, 1863. The Third Texas Cavalry, Arizona Brigade, was formed from the Third Cavalry Battalion and some independent companies to regimental strength.
The Third Texas Cavalry, Arizona Brigade, fought in Louisiana during 1863 and 1864. One of the first battles in which it was engaged in Louisiana was the second battle of Donaldsonville on June 28, 1863. Confederate forces under Gen. Thomas Green sought to capture Fort Butler there. The result was a loss for the Confederates, who suffered 261 casualties. The Third Texas Cavalry, Arizona Brigade, suffered 58 casualties in the battle including 19 killed, 18 wounded, and 21 missing. Among the casualties was Colonel Phillips, who was listed as lost and supposedly killed after the battle. He was reported killed the following day.
Bruce S.Allardice, Confederate Colonels: A Biographical Register (Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 2008). Jerry Thompson, Civil War in the Southwest: Recollections of the Sibley Brigade (College Station: Texas A&M Press, 2001). The Rebellion Record: A Diary of American Events (New York: Van Norstrand, 1864). Stewart Sifakis, Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Texas (New York: Facts on File, 1995).
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, Bruce Bumbalough, "Phillips, Joseph ," accessed May 04, 2016, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fph20.
Uploaded on April 8, 2011. Modified on November 14, 2012. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Get Texas history every day,
with day by day
Each day's email tells a little bit more of the story of Texas and links to our collection of more than 27,000 articles