While our physical offices are closed until further notice in accordance with Austin's COVID-19 "stay home-work safe" order, the Handbook of Texas will remain available at no-cost for you, your fellow history enthusiasts, and all Texas students currently mandated to study from home. If you have the capacity to help us maintain our online Texas history resources during these uncertain times, please consider making a 100% tax-deductible contribution today. Thank you for your support of TSHA and Texas history. Donate Today »


Pat Ireland Nixon

PASCHAL, FRANK (1849–1925). Frank Paschal, physician, son of Franklin L. Paschal, was born in San Antonio, Texas, on October 22, 1849. He grew up in San Antonio and Monterrey, Mexico. After reading medicine with Dr. George Cupples of San Antonio, he entered Louisville Medical College and was graduated in 1873, after receiving three of the six prizes offered.

After a few months in San Antonio, Paschal moved to Chihuahua, Mexico, where he soon became the outstanding physician of that area. Among his patients were the most notable people in the state. His work was chiefly surgical, with particular specialization in the removal of bladder stones. His large collection of calculi was later presented to the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston.

Paschal married Ladie Napier of San Antonio, and they became the parents of five children. In 1892 he returned to San Antonio, where he was president of the West Texas Medical Society in 1893, health officer of San Antonio from 1899 to 1903, member of the state Board of Medical Examiners from 1901 to 1903, president of the Medical Association of Texas (see TEXAS MEDICAL ASSOCIATION) in 1903, a charter member of the American College of Surgeons in 1914, and president of the Texas Surgical Society in 1920. He founded the Associated Charities of San Antonio and aided in building the Physicians and Surgeons Hospital. He was one of the first to appreciate the seriousness of tuberculosis in Texas, and it was mainly through his efforts that the hospital at Carlsbad was established.

In addition, Paschal carried on a busy practice of surgery. He contributed many articles to medical journals, and for years he worked in close conjunction with the Medical Association of Texas in matters of public health, medical education, and improvement of the medical profession. He died on December 20, 1925, and was buried in San Antonio. He was survived by two daughters and two sons; the two sons were physicians.

Pat Ireland Nixon, A Century of Medicine in San Antonio (San Antonio, 1936). George Hugh Paschal, The Public Service Aspect of the Medical Career of Dr. Frank Paschal in San Antonio, 1893–1925 (M.A. thesis, Trinity University, 1956).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Pat Ireland Nixon, "PASCHAL, FRANK," accessed July 14, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fpa44.

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...