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PARDO, MANUEL (1774–?). Manuel Pardo, ad interim Spanish governor of Texas in 1817, was born in Santander, Spain, in 1774. He participated in the wars in France in 1795 and Portugal in 1801. In 1802 he took part in the battles of Aranjuez and Madrid. After sailing to Mexico and entering the army there, he reached the rank of colonel. On March 20, 1817, he became ad interim governor of Texas, relieving Juan Ignacio Pérez. Pardo served until May 27, 1817, when he turned his command over to Antonio María Martínez. He became governor of Coahuila upon the death of Antonio García de Texada on March 9, 1818, and served until November 25, 1820. In 1822 Pardo was political chief of Monclova, and in 1835 he was serving in Monclova as adjutant of the Centralist forces under Martín Perfecto de Cos.
BIBLIOGRAPHY:Vito Alessio Robles, Coahuila y Texas en la época colonial (Mexico City: Editorial Cultura, 1938; 2d ed., Mexico City: Editorial Porrúa, 1978). Bexar Archives, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin. Mattie Austin Hatcher, "Letters of Antonio Martínez, the Last Spanish Governor of Texas, 1817–1822," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 39 (July, October 1935, January, April 1936).
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