Aragorn Storm Miller

MONCURE, JOHN JAMES (1828–1909). John James Moncure (also listed as Montcure), farmer, surveyor, sheriff, Confederate officer, and state representative, was born in Caroline County, Virginia, on March 16, 1828, to William A. Moncure and Lucy A. Gatewood. Moncure was raised in Virginia and received his education at religious schools in Hanover County as well as at the University of Virginia from which he graduated in 1851. During this time he also engaged in farming and surveying. In 1852 Moncure immigrated to Texas and arrived first at Galveston and then relocated to Harris County where he briefly taught school. Later in 1852 he moved to Bastrop County where he settled a homestead and began farming and stock raising. Moncure was active in community affairs as well, winning an election as county surveyor in 1854 and as county sheriff in 1858 and 1859. In 1855 Moncure married Julia Deckard. This couple had nine children; only three children—one son and two daughters—survived childhood. In the summer of 1861 at the outbreak of the Civil War, Moncure volunteered for service in the Confederate Army and enlisted in Malcijah Benjamin Highsmith's Bastrop Cavalry. This company was initially mustered into William H. Parsons's Twelfth Texas Cavalry Regiment. During a reorganization of units, however, Moncure and his original company were folded into the Thirty-fourth Texas Cavalry Regiment, with Moncure assigned to Company I as a second lieutenant. He remained with this unit for the rest of the war and saw action at the battles of Mansfield, Pleasant Hill, and Yellow Bayou. He achieved the rank of major prior to the Confederate surrender. At the conclusion of hostilities, Montcure returned to Bastrop County and resumed farming. In 1866 he won election as representative for Bastrop County to the Eleventh Texas Legislature. On December 27, 1871, following the March 1870 death of his wife, Moncure married Ann Deckard. This couple had three sons and four daughters. By the 1880s Moncure had expanded his homestead to more than 1,200 acres. He died there on July 1, 1909, and was buried at Fairview Cemetery in western Bastrop County. Moncure was an active member of the Missionary Baptist Church and was a member of the A.F.A.M. Bastrop Lodge No. 244.


History of Texas, Together with a Biographical History of Milam, Williamson, Bastrop, Travis, Lee and Burleson Counties (Chicago: Lewis, 1893). Bill Moore, Bastrop County, 1691–1900 (Wichita Falls: Nortex, 1977).

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The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Aragorn Storm Miller, "MONCURE, JOHN JAMES," accessed January 20, 2020,

Uploaded on April 26, 2011. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
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