MOORE, OSCAR FREDERIC
Listen to this artist
MOORE, OSCAR FREDERIC (1912?–1981). Oscar Frederic Moore, jazz guitarist; was born in Austin on December 25. Sources differ as to whether he was born in the year 1912 or 1915. Moore grew up in Phoenix and formed a guitar duo with his brother Johnny around 1934. He moved to Los Angeles within a few years and joined up with Nat King Cole in 1937. Except for a brief stint in the United States Army in 1944, he remained with Cole until 1947, first recording in 1939 as part of the famed Nat King Cole Trio. During the 1940s, Moore also recorded with Lionel Hampton (1940), Art Tatum (1941), and Lester Young (1946).
His solos on three tunes from his recording sessions with Cole and Hampton, "Central Avenue Breakdown," "Jack the Bellboy," and "Jivin' with Jarvis," all bear the influence of fellow Texas guitarist Charlie Christian, but also exhibit some of Moore's own distinctive styling. Most impressive is Moore's interplay with Cole in the Trio recordings, as on "What Is This Thing Called Love" and "Sweet Georgia Brown," from 1944 and 1945 respectively.
In 1947 the Moore brothers reunited in Los Angeles as part of Johnny Moore's Three Blazers, a group that remained active until the mid-1950s. During 1953–54, Moore recorded three albums but then left music to become a bricklayer. He resumed his music career in the 1960s but only performed occasionally. In 1965 he recorded an album, Tribute to Nat King Cole. Moore died in Las Vegas, Nevada, on October 8, 1981. He was buried in Rose Hills Memorial Park in Los Angeles County, California, and was survived by his wife Sally, three sons, and one stepson.
Barry Kernfeld, ed., The New Grove Dictionary of Jazz Second Edition (New York: Grove's Dictionaries, 2002). Dave Oliphant, Texan Jazz (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1996).
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, Dave Oliphant, "Moore, Oscar Frederic," accessed June 01, 2016, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fmoca.
Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Modified on August 11, 2015. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Get Texas history every day,
with day by day
Each day's email tells a little bit more of the story of Texas and links to our collection of more than 27,000 articles