Paul M. Lucko

MOORE, R. J. (1844–?). R. J. Moore, a black member of the Texas House of Representatives during the Eighteenth, Nineteenth, and Twentieth legislatures from Washington County, was born in 1844 in Navasota, Texas, possibly of mixed racial ancestry. He studied at Hearne Academy and later taught school at Washington-on-the-Brazos, where he was postmaster and a Washington County commissioner. Moore attended the Colored Men's Convention (see BLACK STATE CONVENTIONS) at Brenham in 1873, where African Americans discussed their status within the Republican party. Although he was a Republican, Moore received support from the People's party in the election of 1886. He won election to the House of Representatives for terms beginning in 1883, 1885, and 1887 and during his terms at various times sat on the Penitentiaries, Federal Relations, Public Roads, Bridges and Ferries, and Educational Affairs committees. While in the legislature he opposed the convict lease system, showed interest in regulating railroads, supported compulsory school attendance laws, objected to literacy requirements for jurors, and fought racial discrimination. Moore was married and the father of three sons.

J. Mason Brewer, Negro Legislators of Texas and Their Descendants (Dallas: Mathis, 1935; 2d ed., Austin: Jenkins, 1970). Merline Pitre, Through Many Dangers, Toils and Snares: The Black Leadership of Texas, 1868–1900 (Austin: Eakin, 1985). Lawrence D. Rice, The Negro in Texas, 1874–1900 (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1971).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to:

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Paul M. Lucko, "MOORE, R. J.," accessed February 17, 2020,

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...