MOORE, GEORGE FLEMING (1822–1883). George Fleming Moore, judge, was born in Elbert County, Georgia, on July 17, 1822, the son of William H. and Mary Garland (Marks) Moore. He attended the universities of Alabama and Virginia, began studying law in 1840, and was admitted to the bar in 1844. In 1846 he moved to Crockett, Texas, but by 1849 had returned to Alabama to marry Susan Spyker. They had seven children. Moore moved to Austin in 1854 and then to Nacogdoches in 1856. He was a member of a firm that furnished reporters for the Texas Supreme Court and published volumes twenty-two through twenty-four of Texas Reports (1860–61). During the Civil War he was colonel of the Seventeenth Regiment, Texas Cavalry. He became associate justice of the Texas Supreme Court in 1862. During this time he contributed to a Texas Supreme Court decision to uphold the right of the Confederate Congress to draft men into the army. He advanced to chief justice in August 1866 and served until 1867, when he was removed by federal military authority as an "impediment to Reconstruction." He practiced law in Austin until January 27, 1874, when Richard Coke reappointed him associate justice of the Supreme Court. Moore succeeded 0. M. Roberts as chief justice in 1878. He resigned on November 1, 1881, and died in Washington, D.C., on August 30, 1883. He was buried in Austin.

Harbert Davenport, History of the Supreme Court of the State of Texas (Austin: Southern Law Book Publishers, 1917). Dictionary of American Biography. James D. Lynch, The Bench and Bar of Texas (St. Louis, 1885). Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume.

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to:

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, "MOORE, GEORGE FLEMING," accessed February 17, 2020,

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...