Since its original printing in 1952, the publication of the Handbook of Texas has been made possible through the support of its users. As an independent nonprofit, TSHA relies on your contributions to close the funding gap for the online Handbook and keep it a freely accessible resource for users worldwide. Please make a donation today to preserve the most comprehensive encyclopedic resource on Texas history. Donate Today »

MONCLOVA, CONDE DE

Robert Bruce Blake

MONCLOVA, CONDE DE (?–?). Don Melchor Portocarrero Lasso de la Vega, Count of Monclova, became viceroy of New Spain on November 30, 1686. As a member of the Council of the Indies, he had come to America with a directive from that body to rid Texas of the French menace caused by La Salle's settlement at Fort St. Louis. Monclova arrived at Veracruz on September 13, 1686. He first sent out the expedition under Martín de Rivas and Antonio de Iriarteqqv that discovered the wreck of a French vessel in Matagorda Bay but failed to find the French colony. Two other unsuccessful maritime expeditions were sent out during the two years of his administration. The third land expedition of Alonso De León discovered the French, but the location of La Salle's colony was not discovered until after the close of Monclova's administration in November 1688, when he went to Peru as viceroy. Monclova was commonly known as Brazo de la Plata because of his false arm. The city of Monclova, for a time a contestant to be the capital of Coahuila and Texas, was probably named for him.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: 
Carlos E. Castañeda, Our Catholic Heritage in Texas (7 vols., Austin: Von Boeckmann-Jones, 1936–1958; rpt., New York: Arno, 1976). Charles W. Hackett, ed., Pichardo's Treatise on the Limits of Louisiana and Texas (4 vols., Austin: University of Texas Press, 1931–46).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.

Citation

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Robert Bruce Blake, "MONCLOVA, CONDE DE," accessed November 17, 2018, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fmo06.

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

Get this week's most popular Handbook of Texas articles delivered straight to your inbox