While our physical offices are closed until further notice in accordance with Austin's COVID-19 "stay home-work safe" order, the Handbook of Texas will remain available at no-cost for you, your fellow history enthusiasts, and all Texas students currently mandated to study from home. If you have the capacity to help us maintain our online Texas history resources during these uncertain times, please consider making a 100% tax-deductible contribution today. Thank you for your support of TSHA and Texas history. Donate Today »

MIRANDA Y FLORES, BERNARDO DE

Frank Goodwyn

MIRANDA Y FLORES, BERNARDO DE (?–?). Bernardo de Miranda y Flores was lieutenant governor of Texas on November 15, 1755, when he was commissioned by Governor Jacinto de Barrios y Jáuregui to explore the Llano and Colorado regions in search of two rich mineral deposits, the Cerro del Almagre and the Almagre Grande. On February 17, 1756, after delay due to jealousies and rivalries, Miranda set out from San Antonio with twelve soldiers, an Indian interpreter, and five others. On March 4, 1756, after exploring up Honey Creek to the Llano River and down the Llano to the Colorado, he started back for San Antonio. On March 29, 1756, he sent glowing accounts to Barrios of his discovery of a "silver mountain" and requested that an assay be made of the ore. On November 23, 1757, the viceroy granted his request and made him captain of a presidio to be established in the region. But the plan was abandoned before it materialized. Miranda was a surveyor and a careful observer; his report was widely used both for its geographic information and for the data on Indian tribes.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: 
Herbert Eugene Bolton, Texas in the Middle Eighteenth Century: Studies in Spanish Colonial History and Administration (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1915; rpt., Austin: University of Texas Press, 1970). Carlos E. Castañeda, Our Catholic Heritage in Texas (7 vols., Austin: Von Boeckmann-Jones, 1936–1958; rpt., New York: Arno, 1976). Roderick B. Patten, trans. and ed., "Miranda's Inspection of Los Almagres: His Journal, Report and Petition," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 74 (October 1970).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.

Citation

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Frank Goodwyn, "MIRANDA Y FLORES, BERNARDO DE," accessed July 12, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fmi49.

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...