While our physical offices are closed until further notice in accordance with Austin's COVID-19 "stay home-work safe" order, the Handbook of Texas will remain available at no-cost for you, your fellow history enthusiasts, and all Texas students currently mandated to study from home. If you have the capacity to help us maintain our online Texas history resources during these uncertain times, please consider making a 100% tax-deductible contribution today. Thank you for your support of TSHA and Texas history. Donate Today »


Thomas W. Cutrer

MINER, JOEL (1806–1877). Joel Miner, journalist and judge, was born in Rutland County, Vermont, on March 4, 1806. After training as a printer, he worked for some years in the United States and in Europe before immigrating to Texas in 1837. He served briefly in the Texas army and established himself in Austin, where he became head of the typographical department of the capital's first newspaper, the Austin City Gazette. Under the editorship of Samuel Whiting, the Gazette issued its first number on October 30, 1839. Miner moved to Houston in 1842 and later resided for a time at Washington, Texas, but by June 2, 1845, when he married Cynthia Blythe Tannehille, the daughter of Jesse Cornelius Tannehille Jesse Cornelius Tannehille of Montopolis, he was again living in Austin.

On July 23, 1845, in partnership with Jacob W. Cruger as editor, he established the proannexation Austin New Era. This paper received the contract to publish the proceedings of the Convention of 1845 but did not outlive the convention, which ended on August 28, 1845. On December 15, 1847, in partnership with Samuel Cummings, Miner took over the Texas Democrat when its former editor, John S. Ford, left to serve under Col. John C. Hays in the Mexican War. Late in 1848 or early in 1849, however, Miner and Cummings sold the paper to William H. Cushney who renamed it the Texas State Gazette (see AUSTIN STATE GAZETTE). From 1849 until 1852 Miner served as probate judge of Travis County, and during the Civil War he was county clerk.

Cynthia Miner died in San Antonio on April 2, 1874. Joel Miner died at the residence of his son Ashford on Wilbarger Creek in Travis County on September 29, 1877. He was a member of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church.


Frank Brown, Annals of Travis County and the City of Austin (MS, Frank Brown Papers, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin). Colorado Citizen, October 18, 1877. Daughters of the Republic of Texas, Founders and Patriots of the Republic of Texas (Austin, 1963-). Joe B. Frantz, Newspapers of the Republic of Texas (M.A. thesis, University of Texas, 1940). Galveston Daily News, October 7, 1877. Marilyn M. Sibley, Lone Stars and State Gazettes: Texas Newspapers before the Civil War (College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 1983). Texas National Register, June 12, 1845.

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Thomas W. Cutrer, "MINER, JOEL," accessed June 07, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fmi47.

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Modified on January 25, 2019. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...