Jeanette H. Flachmeier
Light Guards
Houston Light Guards Drawing. Image available on the Internet and included in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.
Southern Pacific Logo
Southern Pacific Logo. Image available on the Internet and included in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.
McCormick's Grave
George McCormick, Jr.'s Grave. Image available on the Internet and included in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.

MCCORMICK, GEORGE, JR. (1872–1945). George McCormick, Jr., railroad engineer and inventor, the son of Myrah (Thatcher) and George McCormick, was born in Columbus, Texas, on July 15, 1872. He received his engineering degree at Texas A&M College in 1891 and entered the Houston shops of the Galveston, Harrisburg and San Antonio Railway as a machinist apprentice. In 1893 he became draftsman, and in 1894 he was transferred to San Antonio to supervise the redesigning of locomotives. In San Antonio he was captain of the Belknap Rifles. He returned to Houston as chief draftsman and served in the Houston Light Guards. He was captain of that group when it became Company A, First Texas Volunteer Infantry, for the Spanish-American War in 1898. After the war he became chief draftsman for the railroad. He was appointed mechanical engineer in 1900, became assistant superintendent of the El Paso division in 1911, was assistant general manager of the Houston division in 1913, and in December 1916 became general superintendent of the Southern Pacific. Because of his contributions to railroad engineering, the National Association of Manufacturers named him a "Modern Pioneer" in 1940. His inventions included retaining clips, a locomotive boiler, a safety tie bar, and various improvements in the lubrication of locomotive bearings. He served on many committees of the Association of American Railroads. On June 6, 1942, Texas A&M conferred on him an honorary doctorate of engineering. McCormick married Lelia May Hill at Weimar on December 6, 1899. On November 23, 1937, he married Mrs. Eddie Hill Ratliff of Weimar. After his retirement from the general superintendency of the Southern Pacific, he divided his time between Columbus and Redwood City, California. He died in Houston, Texas, on April 5, 1945, and was buried in Odd Fellows Cemetery at Weimar.


Colorado Citizen, April 12, 1945. Railway Mechanical Engineer, January 1942. Southern Pacific Bulletin, August 1942.

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The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Jeanette H. Flachmeier, "MCCORMICK, GEORGE, JR.," accessed August 24, 2019,

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Modified on May 18, 2017. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

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