While our physical offices are closed until further notice in accordance with Austin's COVID-19 "stay home-work safe" order, the Handbook of Texas will remain available at no-cost for you, your fellow history enthusiasts, and all Texas students currently mandated to study from home. If you have the capacity to help us maintain our online Texas history resources during these uncertain times, please consider making a 100% tax-deductible contribution today. Thank you for your support of TSHA and Texas history. Donate Today »


Jennifer Eckel

MASSIE, JOSIAH C. (1816–1879). Dr. Josiah Camillis Massie, physician, Confederate officer, and planter, was born in Winchester, Virginia, to Josiah Massie, Sr., and Elizabeth (Ball) Massie in 1816. Massie migrated to Texas before 1850, arriving first in Anderson, in Grimes County. He lived for a time in Fort Bend County, before settling in Harris County, where he bought a plantation east of Houston. In 1854 Massie wrote and published, A Treatise on the Eclectic Southern Practice of Medicine, published in Philadelphia, to introduce physicians to the practice of medicine on the frontier. Active in Democratic politics in Harris County, Massie withdrew from a race for the state legislature in 1858 in favor of a position teaching medicine. He reportedly married three times; his first two marriages involved the Dixon family in Mississippi. According to some genealogical sources, he married Mrs. Harriet Dixon in Hinds County or in Copiah County in Mississippi and subsequently married her daughter, Louisa Matilda Dixon, with whom he had a daughter. In 1851 Massie, a widower, married Messiniah Elizabeth (Sessums) Conger in Houston. They had two children.

On November 11, 1861, Massie was mustered into service with the Confederate Army as a lieutenant colonel of a six-month regiment created for the defense of Galveston. The Ninth Texas Infantry "Nichols's" (also called "Massie's" or "Tate's") Regiment remained in place near Galveston and was not involved in any engagements before it was mustered out on April 17, 1862. Although many of the regiment's soldiers went on to become members of Waul's Texas Legion, Massie's service ended with the decommissioning of his regiment.

Following the war, Dr. Massie continued to practice medicine and manage his business concerns in Galveston and his plantation in Harris County, at the confluence of Buffalo Bayou and Greens Bayou. He died on his plantation outside of Houston in 1879.


Descendants of Dr. Josiah Camillis Massie (http://www.hometownchronicles.com/tx/wilbarger/fam-MassieJC.html), accessed January 13, 2011. Karen McCann Hett, "Company I, Ninth (Nichols') Regiment, Texas Infantry, Also Called the Fifth Texas Volunteer Infantry, Galveston, 1861" (http://freepages.military.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~mccannkin/9thnichols/index/hist.html), accessed January 13, 2011.

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Jennifer Eckel, "MASSIE, JOSIAH C.," accessed July 11, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fmabi.

Uploaded on April 5, 2011. Modified on May 10, 2011. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...