MALLY, FREDERICK WILLIAM
MALLY, FREDERICK WILLIAM (1868–1939). Frederick W. Mally, pioneer entomologist and horticulturist, was born in Des Moines, Iowa, on November 30, 1868. He received a B.A. in 1887 and an M.S. in 1889, both from Iowa State College, where he studied with Seaman A. Knapp, whose agricultural demonstration work was responsible for initiation of the Agricultural Extension Service in the United States (see TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION SERVICE). In 1891, after brief employment in Illinois and in the United States Department of Agriculture on cotton bollworm studies, Mally moved to Texas. In 1893 he published a valuable report on the pink bollworm as Bulletin 29 of the United States Department of Agriculture. The same year he resigned from federal service and became manager of the Galveston Nursery and Orchard Company, near Dickinson. There he served as director of the Texas Commission on Insect Pests and Fungus Diseases. He was also active in getting the first orchard and nursery inspection law passed in Texas.
In 1899 he became the first professor of entomology at Texas A&M. His assignment was to study the boll weevil. In this capacity he established in 1899 the first field laboratory for study of the pest. He was the first to establish details of the life cycle of the boll weevil, to stress use of early-maturing cotton varieties as a way of managing the pest, and to advocate the use of lead arsenate to control it. His 1902 Report on the Boll Weevil was one of the earliest comprehensive works on the life history and control of the weevil.
Mally resigned his position at Texas A&M in 1902 and entered the nursery business. In 1909–10 he served as state entomologist of the Texas Department of Agriculture and published one of the first comprehensive agricultural surveys of the Panhandle. He became Bexar county agricultural agent in 1915 and served in this position until his retirement in 1938. He also promoted onion culture in South Texas. He served as president of the Texas State Horticultural Society, the Texas State Truck Growers Association, and the Texas Entomological Society. He presided over the Eleventh Annual Meeting of the Texas Entomological Society on February 9–11, 1939, although he suffered from poor health at the time. Mally, who was married to Mattie (Tabor), died at San Antonio on May 7, 1939, and was buried in Bryan.
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, Horace R. Burke, "Mally, Frederick William," accessed April 29, 2016, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fma94.
Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Get Texas history every day,
with day by day
Each day's email tells a little bit more of the story of Texas and links to our collection of more than 27,000 articles