Since its original printing in 1952, the publication of the Handbook of Texas has been made possible through the support of its users. As an independent nonprofit, TSHA relies on your contributions to close the funding gap for the online Handbook and keep it a freely accessible resource for users worldwide. Please make a donation today to preserve the most comprehensive encyclopedic resource on Texas history. Donate Today »

LONG, EUGENE HUDSON

Robert G. Collmer

LONG, EUGENE HUDSON (1908–1990). E. Hudson Long, professor of English and American studies, son of Eugene Hugh and Cora Lee (Hudson) Long, was born in Waco, Texas, on November 4, 1908. He attended Waco public schools and earned both bachelor's and master's degrees at Baylor University in 1931, after which he studied at the University of Virginia (1933–34), Oxford University (1935), and the University of Pennsylvania (Ph.D., 1942). His doctoral dissertation was on O. Henry (see PORTER, WILLIAM S.). From 1937 to 1941 Long taught English at Alabama Polytechnic Institute (now Auburn University) and in 1941–42 at the University of Delaware. During World War II he served in the United States Army as assistant historian for the combined chiefs of staff in Washington. After the war he returned to the University of Pennsylvania to teach, in 1945–46. He also taught at Ohio State University in 1946–47 and from then until 1949 at Vanderbilt University. He taught at Baylor University from 1949 until his retirement in 1976, serving in various capacities, including chairman and distinguished professor of English (1973–76) and cochairman of the American Civilization Program, the latter honor granted in 1973.

Long was invited to Baylor to head the American Civilization Program. He was a founder and the first president of the American Studies Association of Texas. He hosted the first meeting of ASAT in Waco in 1956. Among his favorite courses was one on American humor. He was an active member of the Texas Folklore Society and many other professional organizations, a devoted Democrat, and a Methodist.

His publications included O. Henry, the Man and His Work (1949), O. Henry: American Regionalist(1969), Mark Twain Handbook (1958), and American Drama: A Bibliography (1970). He edited works by Stephen Crane, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Henry James, Mark Twain, and Tolstoy. The textbook he edited with others, The American Tradition in Literature(first issued in 1956), was at one time used in some 900 colleges and universities in the United States and abroad. He contributed articles to the Encyclopedia Britannica, World Book Encyclopedia, and various professional journals. A festschrift for him containing chapters by colleagues and former students, American Bypaths, edited by Robert G. Collmer and Jack W. Herring, was published in 1980. On July 3, 1936, Long married Martha Stephenson Crawford. He died on August 29, 1990, and was buried at Lorena, Texas.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: 
Vertical Files, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin. Who's Who in America, 1980–81.

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.

Citation

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Robert G. Collmer, "LONG, EUGENE HUDSON," accessed November 19, 2019, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/flobg.

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...