While our physical offices are closed until further notice in accordance with Austin's COVID-19 "stay home-work safe" order, the Handbook of Texas will remain available at no-cost for you, your fellow history enthusiasts, and all Texas students currently mandated to study from home. If you have the capacity to help us maintain our online Texas history resources during these uncertain times, please consider making a 100% tax-deductible contribution today. Thank you for your support of TSHA and Texas history. Donate Today »


Aragorn Storm Miller

LOCKRIDGE, SAMUEL A. (1829–1862). Samuel A. Lockridge, businessman, filibuster, and Confederate officer, was born in 1829. In the late 1840s and early 1850s Lockridge was known as William Kissane in and around Cincinnati, Ohio, where he was a partner in the merchant firm of Smith and Kissane. In 1852 Kissane took out an insurance policy on the steamship Martha Washington, as well as its cargo. When the ship, its cargo, and some sixteen people aboard it burned in January of that year, Kissane and several others were charged with conspiracy. After his bail was posted at $10,000, Kissane fled Ohio.

Around 1855 Kissane emerged in Texas as Samuel Lockridge. In 1856 Lockridge played a key role—devoting about $40,000 of his own money, recruiting, and serving as colonel—in William Walker's expedition to Nicaragua. Following the departure of Walker on September 23, 1856, with 200 Texans organized by Lockridge, Lockridge himself left for Nicaragua with 283 "Texas Rangers" in late November. After a series of setbacks in Nicaragua, Lockridge returned to Texas in August 1857 to begin recruiting another body of men for action in Nicaragua. However, Lockridge soon had a disagreement with Walker serious enough for Lockridge to publish a "card" in the Galveston News declaring that he had severed all ties with Walker. Around this time, he was also associated with the Knights of the Golden Circle, a secret Southern society that advocated the extension of Southern institutions into new territory. During the debate in Texas over secession, Lockridge was not a delegate but was still an active participant in the convention, carrying dispatches from President of the Confederate Congress Howell Cobb. Lockridge joined the Fifth Texas Cavalry as major in July 1861. He was killed at the battle of Valverde on February 21, 1862.


Roy Sylvan Dunn, "The KGC in Texas, 1860-1861," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 70 (April 1967). Earl W. Fornell, "Texans and Filibusters in the 1850's," Southwestern Historical Quarterly, 59 (April 1956). 5th Texas Confederate Cavalry Regiment (http://www.bauer.uh.edu/parks/tex/crg005a.html), accessed April 24, 2006. A Report of the Examination of Messrs. Amasa Chapin, Lorenzo Chapin, Lyman Cole, William H. Holland, and William Kissane, (Of. Cincinnati,) charged with a conspiracy to burn the Steamboat Martha Washington on the Mississippi River, in January, 1852, with intent to defraud certain insurance companies, before P. B. Wilcox, Esq., a commissioner of the circuit court of the United States, at Columbus, Ohio, from December 29th, 1852, to January 15th, 1853. (Cincinnati: Cincinnati Gazette Company Print, 1853).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Aragorn Storm Miller, "LOCKRIDGE, SAMUEL A. ," accessed August 14, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/flo83.

Uploaded on April 6, 2011. Modified on April 12, 2011. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...