Hampson Gary

LOTT, ELISHA EVERETT (1820–1864). Elisha Everett Lott, statesman and orator, son of John Lott, was born in Mississippi on February 24, 1820. At the age of twenty he married Mary E. Lott, and the couple moved to Harrison County, Texas. In 1842 Lott was elected to replace Isaac Van Zandt as a representative in the Eighth Texas Congress (see CONGRESS OF THE REPUBLIC OF TEXAS). He fought vigorously against the Cherokee Land Bill in 1844 and moved to the disputed area at the end of his term. He is sometimes called the founder of Smith County. In 1846 he served on the official commission that laid out the boundary of the new county and selected the site of the county seat, Tyler. According to postal records, Lott was the first Tyler postmaster, a position he held from 1847 to 1850. He represented Smith County in the state House of Representatives from 1847 to 1853 and in the Senate from 1857 to 1861. He served as a delegate to the national Democratic convention at Baltimore in 1852; his constituents asked that he run for governor in 1857, but he declined. With the coming of the Civil War, Lott resigned to serve as a lieutenant colonel in the Confederate Army. His health failed from his overexertion on the battlefront, and he died on January 17, 1864, at his home in Starrville, north of Tyler, and was buried there. After the death of his first wife, he had married Anna Cook in 1856, and she and their five children survived him. He was a Mason and a Methodist.

Gladys Peters Austin, Along the Century Trail: Early History of Tyler, Texas (Dallas: Avalon Press, 1946). Robert W. Glover, ed., Tyler and Smith County, Texas (n.p.: Walsworth, 1976). Sid S. Johnson, Some Biographies of Old Settlers (1900; facsimile, Tyler, Texas: Smith County Historical Society, 1965). "Post Offices and Postmasters of Smith County, Texas: 1847–1929," Chronicles of Smith County, Spring 1966. C. W. Raines, Year Book for Texas (2 vols., Austin: Gammel-Statesman, 1902, 1903). "Smith County Post Offices Established Before 1860," Chronicles of Smith County, Fall 1965. Texas House of Representatives, Biographical Directory of the Texan Conventions and Congresses, 1832–1845 (Austin: Book Exchange, 1941).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Hampson Gary, "LOTT, ELISHA EVERETT," accessed February 24, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/flo23.

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...