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LOTHROP, JOHN T. K.

LOTHROP, JOHN T. K. (1814–1844). John T. K. Lothrop was born in Massachusetts in 1814 and reared in Utica, New York. He was appointed and confirmed a lieutenant in the Texas Navy under Charles E. Hawkins on December 1, 1836. In 1837, as second lieutenant on board the Independence,qv Lothrop was captured by the Mexicans and spent six months in prison in Matamoros. During the administration of Republic of Texas President Mirabeau B. Lamar, he was commander of the Zavala and the Whartonqqvnd operated in the Sisal area, where he negotiated for fuel and supplies from Yucatán. After reconfirmation as a navy commander in July 1842, he was one of the members of the court-martial held on the Austin on April 16, 1843, to try crew members of the San Antonio who had mutinied in February 1842. Lothrop was dishonorably discharged from the navy on July 19, 1843, but his fellow officers on the Wharton protested that he was removed by gross injustice and unauthorized authority. He was in command of the Neptune in April 1844 and in May reported at Washington-on-the-Brazos for trial before a military court-martial. Evidence at the trial revealed no cause for his discharge, and the discharge letter was never issued. Lothrop died at Washington-on-the-Brazos on August 14, 1844. Edwin W. Moore was administrator of his estate.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: 
Christian Friedrick Duerr Diary, March 21, 1839-December 31, 1844 (MS, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin). Charles Adams Gulick, Jr., Harriet Smither, et al., eds., The Papers of Mirabeau Buonaparte Lamar (6 vols., Austin: Texas State Library, 1920–27; rpt., Austin: Pemberton Press, 1968). Telegraph and Texas Register, August 2, 1843, April 3, May 15, June 12, and August 21, 1844. Amelia W. Williams and Eugene C. Barker, eds., The Writings of Sam Houston, 1813–1863 (8 vols., Austin: University of Texas Press, 1938–43; rpt., Austin and New York: Pemberton Press, 1970). E. W. Winkler, ed., Secret Journals of the Senate, Republic of Texas (Austin, 1911).

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The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, "Lothrop, John T. K.," accessed July 26, 2016, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/flo22.

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.