- Get Involved
LEAL, ANTONIO (1750–ca. 1802). Antonio Leal, rancher, was born in San Antonio de Béxar in 1750. His principal occupation seems to have been capturing and selling mustangs in partnership with Philip Nolan, whom he had met in San Antonio in 1790. The business was pursued under permit of the Spanish government issued every three months. Leal and his wife, Gertrudis de los Santos, owned the ten-league grant, later known as the Edmund Quirk grant, on which San Augustine was built. The land was used for collecting and pasturing the horses before they were sent to Louisiana. Nolan had his pasture on the Trinity River near their hunting grounds. The partnership lasted until Nolan's death on March 21, 1801, when Leal and his wife were arrested as Nolan's accomplices; they were afterward prosecuted in one of the most famous trials in Texas history. At the end of the trial the Leals were deported from Nacogdoches to Bexar, where Leal died about 1802. Gertrudis then married Antonio Baca, commandant of Bexar, whom she also survived.
BIBLIOGRAPHY:Bexar Archives, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin. Edward Everett Hale, "The Real Philip Nolan," Publications of the Mississippi Historical Society 4 (1901). Philip Nolan Papers, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin.
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, Robert Bruce Blake, "LEAL, ANTONIO," accessed May 24, 2019, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fle07.
Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.