While our physical offices are closed until further notice in accordance with Austin's COVID-19 "stay home-work safe" order, the Handbook of Texas will remain available at no-cost for you, your fellow history enthusiasts, and all Texas students currently mandated to study from home. If you have the capacity to help us maintain our online Texas history resources during these uncertain times, please consider making a 100% tax-deductible contribution today. Thank you for your support of TSHA and Texas history. Donate Today »


Marshall E. Kuykendall

KUYKENDALL, WILLIAM (1810?–1862). William Kuykendall, Old Three Hundred settler, the son of Capt. Abner Kuykendall of North Carolina and Sarah (Gates) Kuykendall of Tennessee, was probably born in 1810 when the family was in the Territory of Missouri (Arkansas). The family moved next to southwest Arkansas, near the Red River, and in 1821 from there proceeded to Texas, where they settled west of the Brazos River five miles north of the site of present Brenham on a stream they named New Year Creek. At age sixteen Kuykendall accompanied his father and brothers in patrol of the Old San Antonio Road during the Fredonian Rebellion. After that he participated in protective and retaliatory pursuits of Indians. On April 29, 1828, he received his first land grant of a quarter league (1,107 acres), on the east side of the East Fork of Mill Creek in what is now Austin County. In 1830 he received three-quarters of a league and one labor in Austin County. He married Eliza M. Carothers (Caruthers) on November 6, 1834, by bond in Austin County. They had nine children who survived infancy. Kuykendall received a 640-acre donation grant for his participation in the siege of Bexar in 1835. He also provided both horses and corn to the Army of the Republic of Texas in 1836 and 1838. From July to November 1836 he served as a ranger under Col. Edward Burleson. For this service Kuykendall received three-quarters of a league and a labor of land. The census of 1840 shows him in possession of 3,510 acres of land, one slave, and thirty-five cattle. He also served in the army against Rafael Vásquez in 1842. In the late 1840s Kuykendall settled his family near Mesquite Landing in Refugio County. He died at Hynes Bay on February 27, 1862. His grave has never been found.

Daughters of the Republic of Texas, Muster Rolls of the Texas Revolution (Austin, 1986). Hobart Huson, Refugio: A Comprehensive History of Refugio County from Aboriginal Times to 1953 (2 vols., Woodsboro, Texas: Rooke Foundation, 1953, 1955). Jonathan Hampton Kuykendall Papers, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin. Betty M. McCrosky, The Kuykendall Family in Texas (MS, Genealogy Collection, Texas State Library, Austin, 1962?). Gifford E. White, ed., The 1840 Census of the Republic of Texas (Austin: Pemberton Press, 1966; 2d ed., Vol. 2 of 1840 Citizens of Texas, Austin, 1984).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Marshall E. Kuykendall, "KUYKENDALL, WILLIAM," accessed May 29, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fku14.

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...