While our physical offices are closed until further notice in accordance with Austin's COVID-19 "stay home-work safe" order, the Handbook of Texas will remain available at no-cost for you, your fellow history enthusiasts, and all Texas students currently mandated to study from home. If you have the capacity to help us maintain our online Texas history resources during these uncertain times, please consider making a 100% tax-deductible contribution today. Thank you for your support of TSHA and Texas history. Donate Today »


Marshall E. Kuykendall

KUYKENDALL, BARZILLAI (ca. 1806–1873). Barzillai (Barzilla) Kuykendall, one of Stephen F. Austin's Old Three Hundred, was born either in Kentucky or Indiana Territory around 1806, the son of Sarah (Gates) and Capt. Abner Kuykendall. His name is biblical. The family moved to Missouri Territory in 1810 and into southwest Arkansas near Pecan Point on the Red River in 1820. On November 26, 1821, they crossed the Brazos River at the La Bahía Road. In January 1822 they settled near New Year Creek, about four miles south of the site of present Independence. Kuykendall received title to a labor of land west of the Brazos River in what is now Austin County on August 7, 1824. On April 27, 1828, he received his second tract of land of a quarter league and a quarter labor on the east bank of Mill Creek, just north of the site of present New Bremen. He left several descriptions of early skirmishes with Indians, especially pursuits for stolen horses. During this time his father was authorized by Austin to raise troops and pursue the thieves; Barzillai and his brothers participated in the skirmishes. In February 1836 J. Hampton Kuykendall, Barzillai's younger brother, gave the alarm that the Mexicans were about to invade Texas; his older brother Gibson was elected captain of Company E, First Regiment, under Edward Burleson and Robert McNutt. They participated in the Runaway Scrape and attended the baggage at Harrisburg during the battle of San Jacinto. Barzillai served in the army from March 1 until May 30, 1836. For his services he received three quarters of a league and one labor of land in 1838. Sometime between 1828 and 1830 he married his cousin Catherine Kuykendall, the daughter of J. L. and Elisabeth Kuykendall. They had four children. Catherine died sometime after 1839, and before 1849 Barzillai married a woman named Elizabeth. They had three children. Kuykendall participated in the expeditions to repulse Rafael Vásquez and Adrián Woll in 1842. He is listed with his family in the 1850, 1860, and 1870 Washington County censuses. In 1870 he signed over to his daughters from his first marriage their share of their mother's portion (800 acres) of their headright. Kuykendall died at his home in Washington County on March 32, 1873; his wife died a month later. Their graves have never been found.


Lester G. Bugbee, "The Old Three Hundred: A List of Settlers in Austin's First Colony," Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association 1 (October 1897). Daughters of the Republic of Texas, Muster Rolls of the Texas Revolution (Austin, 1986). Anne Kuykendall DeLany, A History of the Kuykendall Family in Texas (M.A. thesis, East Texas State Teachers College, 1942). Jonathan Hampton Kuykendall Papers, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin. J. H. Kuykendall, "Reminiscences of Early Texans," Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association 6–7 (January, April, July 1903). Villamae Williams, Stephen F. Austin's Register of Families (Nacogdoches, Texas: Ericson, 1984).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Marshall E. Kuykendall, "KUYKENDALL, BARZILLAI," accessed July 03, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fku05.

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Modified on June 19, 2020. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...