- Annual Meeting
- Get Involved
KILPATRICK, MADISON (1829–1910). Madison “Matt” Kilpatrick, African-American political leader during Reconstruction, was born a slave in Alabama in October 1829. Sometime before the end of the Civil War, Kilpatrick moved with his owner, Sam Oliver, first to Louisiana where he married his wife Bettie in 1863, and eventually to Austin County, Texas. Kilpatrick lived the rest of his life near Hempstead, which became part of Waller County in 1873. He and his wife had at least seven children, three sons and four daughters.
After emancipation, Kilpatrick prospered financially. By 1870 he owned a 400-acre farm near Hempstead. He also owned a blacksmith shop. In addition, he became active in Republican Party politics. When Waller County was formed in 1873, Kilpatrick was elected as that county’s first treasurer. He was reelected to the same position in 1876. In December 1873 he served as a juror in Federal District Court in Galveston.
Although he never held public office again after Reconstruction, Kilpatrick remained active in party politics and served as a Republican Party boss in Waller County for much of the late nineteenth century. He died in Waller County on December 1, 1910, and was buried in Oakwood Cemetery. A Texas Historical Marker was erected in his honor in 1973.
Galveston Daily News, November 8, 1873. Historical Marker Files, Texas Historical Commission, Austin. James Smallwood, Time of Hope, Time of Despair: Black Texans During Reconstruction (London: Kennikat,1981).
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, William C. Yancey, "KILPATRICK, MADISON ," accessed November 20, 2018, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fki74.
Uploaded on April 25, 2013. Modified on May 21, 2013. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.