While our physical offices are closed until further notice in accordance with Austin's COVID-19 "stay home-work safe" order, the Handbook of Texas will remain available at no-cost for you, your fellow history enthusiasts, and all Texas students currently mandated to study from home. If you have the capacity to help us maintain our online Texas history resources during these uncertain times, please consider making a 100% tax-deductible contribution today. Thank you for your support of TSHA and Texas history. Donate Today »


Eleanor L. M. Crowder

KASMEIER, JULIA CHRYSTINE (1899–1979). Julia C. Kasmeier, nurse, was born on May 27, 1899, to John and Bettie (Simbeck) Kasmeier in Florence, Alabama. She had at least one brother and one sister. She was a Catholic. She attended St. Mary's Academy in Beeville, Texas, and enrolled in nursing school at Santa Rosa Hospital School of Nursing in San Antonio in 1919. She graduated in 1922, and from then until 1928 she held progressively higher administrative positions at that hospital and school of nursing. In 1928 she became education secretary for the state Board of Nurse Examiners. When she assumed the job it was a poorly defined one. Her duty was to inspect and pass judgment yearly on the numerous schools of nursing throughout the state and to make recommendations to the Board of Nurse Examiners about continuation or closure of the schools. Conditions in most schools were poor, and the standard of education was low. Kasmeier conducted a thorough appraisal of nurse education throughout the state before she initiated action to close the weakest schools and elevate the educational standards of those remaining. She constantly strove to improve educational standards throughout her tenure on the board.

She began graduate studies in 1932 and graduated in 1939 with a baccalaureate degree in biology from Incarnate Word College in San Antonio. Four years later she earned a master of arts degree from George Peabody College for Teachers in Nashville, Tennessee. Her education placed her in nursing's vanguard, for few nurses had any academic degree at the time. Miss Kasmeier was active in several professional associations at the national and state levels, including the American Nurses' Association, Texas Graduate Nurses Association, National League for Nursing Education, and Texas Hospital Association, in which she was an honorary life member. She retired to San Antonio in 1964 after serving thirty-eight years on the board. She died of cancer on March 16, 1979, in Bexar County and is buried in Shawnee, Oklahoma, next to her father and mother.


Who's Who of American Women, 1958–59.

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Eleanor L. M. Crowder, "KASMEIER, JULIA CHRYSTINE," accessed June 07, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fka06.

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Modified on November 29, 2012. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...