Diana J. Kleiner

JOSEPH, THOMAS MILLER (1823–1905). Thomas Miller Joseph, attorney, mayor of Galveston, and legislator, the son of Annis (Rogers) and Anthony Joseph, a native of Portugal, was born in Hartford, Connecticut, on February 11, 1823. He was educated in New England. Around 1841 he traveled to Galveston with his mother and worked for the next two years as a schoolteacher while studying law. He later received a third-class land grant. Joseph was admitted to the bar in 1845 and became a Democratic party leader. He served as chief justice and county judge from 1851 to 1855. In 1858 he was elected mayor of Galveston for the first of five consecutive terms. He served as a representative in the state legislature in 1857 and 1873 and as a senator in 1874. Joseph married Mary Minor (Trueheart) on March 11, 1851, and they had eight children. He died at Galveston on March 10, 1905, and was buried in the Episcopal Cemetery there.

H. L. Bentley and Thomas Pilgrim, Texas Legal Directory for 1876–77 (Austin: Democratic Statesman Office, 1877). Biographical Encyclopedia of Texas (New York: Southern, 1880). Marker Files, Texas Historical Commission, Austin.

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to:

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Diana J. Kleiner, "JOSEPH, THOMAS MILLER," accessed June 17, 2019,

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

Get this week's most popular Handbook of Texas articles delivered straight to your inbox