Since its original printing in 1952, the publication of the Handbook of Texas has been made possible through the support of its users. As an independent nonprofit, TSHA relies on your contributions to close the funding gap for the online Handbook and keep it a freely accessible resource for users worldwide. Please make a donation today to preserve the most comprehensive encyclopedic resource on Texas history. Donate Today »


Melanie Watkins

JOHNSON, LUTHER ALEXANDER (1875–1965). Luther Alexander Johnson, Congressman and judge, was born on October 29, 1875, in Corsicana, Texas, to Ebenezer Wiley and Fannie L. (McMillan) Johnson. He attended Cumberland University in Lebanon, Tennessee, where he received a law degree in 1896. Later that year he was admitted to the bar and began his law practice in Corsicana. He was Navarro county attorney from 1898 to 1902 and district attorney for the Thirteenth Judicial District from 1904 to 1910. He had a private practice in Corsicana from 1910 to 1923. He was a delegate to the Democratic national convention in St. Louis in 1916 and chairman of the Democratic state convention in Fort Worth in 1920. He was a member of the Sixty-eighth through the Seventy-ninth congresses, 1923–46, representing the Sixth Texas District. While a congressman, he served on the house foreign relations committee during the administrations of F. D. Roosevelt and Harry Truman. Truman appointed him a federal tax-court judge in 1946, a position he held until 1956. Johnson married Turner Read on July 19, 1899. They had two children. Johnson was a member of Westminister Presbyterian Church in Corsicana for eighty years and eventually became a ruling elder in the church. He was a member of Kappa Sigma Fraternity and the Lions Club. He died on June 6, 1965, in Corsicana and was buried in Oakwood Cemetery.

Austin American-Statesman, June 7, 1965. Biographical Directory of the American Congress. Dallas Morning News, May 15, 1956. Uvalde Leader-News, June 21, 1956. Vertical Files, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin. Who's Who in the South and Southwest, Vol. 1.

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to:

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Melanie Watkins, "JOHNSON, LUTHER ALEXANDER," accessed August 21, 2019,

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

Get this week's most popular Handbook of Texas articles delivered straight to your inbox