JOHNSTON, HUGH BLAIR
JOHNSTON, HUGH BLAIR (1794–1850). Hugh Blair Johnston, early Liberty County settler and Republic of Texas congressman, was born in Georgia in 1794. He moved to Mississippi, where he established a plantation in Wilkinson County. He married Martha White, daughter of Matthew G. White, about 1823; they had nine children. In 1825 Johnston and his father-in-law led a number of families to Texas, where he claimed a league of land along the east bank of the Trinity River north of the site of present-day Liberty. Although Johnston joined a number of area residents in petitioning the Mexican government for official title to their claims in 1827, he served as captain in a military company which helped put down the Fredonian Rebellion. Mexico recognized his land title four years later.
In 1831 Johnston was elected alcalde of the newly formed town of Liberty. A vigorous opponent of Juan Davis Bradburn, he signed the Turtle Bayou Resolutions and escaped an apparent assassination attempt by Bradburn's cronies in 1832. Johnston was a member of the Consultation in 1835 and served on the General Council, which elected him to the committee to organize the Liberty militia. He continued his political activity after the Texas Revolution. He was Liberty County justice of the peace in 1836–37 and was one of two members of the county board of land commissioners. In 1838 Liberty residents elected him representative to the Third Congress. In the spirited election he defeated his brother-in-law, James B. Woods. He was chief justice of Liberty County for the latter half of 1839.
Johnston retired from public life and, in 1847, declined a nomination for the state Senate. The 1826 census had listed him as a carpenter, farmer, and stockraiser; by 1840 tax rolls showed that he had title to more than 4,000 acres of land and owned 6 slaves, 150 cattle, and 2 horses. He was a friend of Sam Houston. Johnston died in 1850. In 1976 the Liberty Bicentennial celebration erected a monument at his old tract, one of a number of prerevolutionary grants in Liberty County.
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, Robert Wooster, "Johnston, Hugh Blair," accessed May 30, 2016, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fjo33.
Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Get Texas history every day,
with day by day
Each day's email tells a little bit more of the story of Texas and links to our collection of more than 27,000 articles