Gwendolyn McDonald Jackson

JACKSON, CHARLES EMERSON (1902–1987). Charles Emerson Jackson, black school administrator, the youngest of twelve children of Andrew W. and Sallie (Watkins) Jackson, was born on June 19, 1902, in Liberty, Smith County, Texas. His father died when Charles was four, and Charles lived with a sister while he attended the Liberty and Pine Grove elementary schools. He then moved to Tyler to live with another sister and an aunt while he attended East Texas Academy, from which he graduated in 1923. He attended Bishop College, where he graduated in 1929. In 1945 he received an M.S. from Prairie View A&M. He was married to Gwendolyn McDonald on December 25, 1941. They had no children.

Jackson's first position as principal and teacher was at Rosenwald School in Powell in 1929–30. Following this he was a teacher at Booker T. Washington School in Dallas, 1930–31. He served as principal of Red Rock School near Gladewater, 1931–32; Excelsior Junior High in Big Sandy, 1933–39; and Weldon High School in Gladewater, 1939–46. In 1946 he moved to Wichita Falls, where he was principal of Booker T. Washington High School, 1946–63, and Eastside Junior High, 1963–69. In 1969 Jackson was chosen as special administrative assistant to the superintendent of schools, in charge of integration; he held this position until 1972. From 1972 until 1979 he was assistant executive director of the Wichita Falls Housing Authority. He served as president of the East Texas Teachers Association, 1942–44; North Texas Teachers Association, 1951–52; Teachers State Association of Texas, 1957–58; and Texas Association of Secondary Principals, 1967–68. He was a member of the National Education Association and many other educational associations and an executive board member of several organizations. He was a lifelong Democrat and election judge as well as a deacon of the Antioch Baptist Church of Wichita Falls. He received numerous awards, including a 1977 election to the Hall of Fame of Bishop College, and was awarded an honorary doctorate by Bishop College in 1985. In 1986 Jackson and his wife published The History of the Negro: Wichita Falls, Texas, 1880–1982. Jackson died on December 2, 1987, and was buried in Wichita Falls. The Red Cross educational building and the math-science center of Washington Elementary school were named for him. In 1955 a street in Wichita Falls had also been named for him.

Effie Kaye Adams, Tall Black Texans: Men of Courage (Dubuque, Iowa: Kendall-Hunt, 1972). Wichita Falls Times, February 7, 1982. Wichita Falls Times-Record-News, July 27, 1985, December 3, 1987.

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The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Gwendolyn McDonald Jackson, "JACKSON, CHARLES EMERSON," accessed October 21, 2018, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fjacj.

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

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