While our physical offices are closed until further notice in accordance with Austin's COVID-19 "stay home-work safe" order, the Handbook of Texas will remain available at no-cost for you, your fellow history enthusiasts, and all Texas students currently mandated to study from home. If you have the capacity to help us maintain our online Texas history resources during these uncertain times, please consider making a 100% tax-deductible contribution today. Thank you for your support of TSHA and Texas history. Donate Today »

JALLOT, MEDARD

Robert S. Weddle

JALLOT, MÉDARD (?–1716). Médard Jallot (Medar Jalot), said to have been "the close companion, surgeon, barber, and valet of Louis Juchereau de St. Denis," was a son of Jean Jallot, a master surgeon who died heroically at the hands of the Iroquois in 1690. Médard Jallot's grandfather was Médard Chouart Des Groseilliers, an early explorer and one of the founders of Hudson's Bay Company and one of Canada's most respected men. His grandmother was a half-sister of the renowned Pierre-Esprit de Radisson. Jallot was one of three Frenchmen who accompanied St. Denis across Texas to San Juan Bautista in 1714. The other two were Pierre and Robert Talon (see TALON CHILDREN), who as children had been among the Texas colonists of René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle. Jallot's precise role in the St. Denis expedition is not altogether apparent from the record. Like St. Denis's own exploits, his appear to have been somewhat overdramatized. Jallot "has been characterized chiefly through the imagination of historians rather than the facts of history." It is said that on several occasions he assumed the role of surgeon and that he had a passionate love for surgery. He, along with St. Denis, was a member of Domingo Ramón's expedition, which left San Juan Bautista on April 27, 1716, for eastern Texas. The next day, after crossing the Rio Grande into what is now Texas, he suffered a fall when his horse stepped into a hole. Although the extent of his injury was not apparent at the time, the accident proved fatal.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: 
Jay Higginbotham, Old Mobile: Fort Louis de la Louisiane, 1703–1711 (Mobile, Alabama: Museum of the City of Mobile, 1977).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.

Citation

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Robert S. Weddle, "JALLOT, MEDARD," accessed July 09, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fja15.

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...