HUNT, ARCHIE ALBERT [PRINCE ALBERT]

Shaun Stalzer

HUNT, ARCHIE ALBERT [PRINCE ALBERT] (1896–1931). Prince Albert Hunt, fiddle player and singer, was born Archie Albert Hunt in Terrell, Texas, on December 20, 1896. He was the son of Archibald Hunt and Manasa Emma Lee Skates. In the late 1920s Hunt and his Texas Ramblers recorded several sides for the OKeh label, and, in addition to the East Texas Serenaders, Hunt was one of the few musicians playing “old-time country numbers with melodic variations that presaged western swing.” Hunt also performed with fellow musicians Oscar Harper and his nephew Doc Harper. Oscar Harper developed a notable reputation in East Texas and was later recorded by John A. Lomax in 1942 for the Library of Congress.

Hunt also recorded with a more obscure violinist by the name of Harmon Clem on his two known recording sessions, one of which occurred on March 28, 1928, in San Antonio and the other in late June 1929, in Dallas. Hunt’s complete discography includes the songs “Canada Waltz,” “Houston Slide,” “Oklahoma Rag,” “Traveling Man,” “Katy on Time,” “Waltz of the Rose,” and “Blues in the Bottle,” but he is perhaps best remembered for his song “Wake Up Jacob,” which is included on the renowned Anthology of American Folk Music CD series.

Hunt made numerous lasting contributions to the early development of western swing in Texas and to country music in general. In addition to his work as a recording artist, he also frequently performed over local radio stations and at local dance halls in the Dallas area. Hunt and a number of his musician friends frequented the Dallas neighborhood known as Deep Ellum and Central Track which included a notorious red-light district that was home to many theaters, cheap hotels, saloons, dance halls, and pawnshops. In fact some of the best blues and country artists spent time in Deep Ellum in the 1920s and 1930s listening to and jamming with other musicians. It was in Dallas on March 21, 1931, at 11:45 P.M. that Prince Albert Hunt was fatally shot outside of the Confederate Hall at 421 North Harwood Street. The Dallas Morning News reported that his assailant, William M. Douglas, was a former city fireman and the husband of a woman that Hunt had accompanied to a dance. Douglas later told police that “he [Hunt] broke up my home….He took my wife clear away from me. He had her at the dance with him and I followed them downstairs,” in front of the hall. There at close-range Douglas shot Hunt in the chest under the left arm with a .25 caliber automatic pistol. Hunt was rushed to Emergency Hospital and then to Parkland Hospital where he was pronounced dead on arrival. He left behind his wife, Mary Cook, their four children, and his parents. Houston Public Television produced a documentary, Memories of Prince Albert Hunt, in 1974. 

BIBLIOGRAPHY: 

 William Barlow, Looking Up at Down: The Emergence of Blues Culture (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1989). Jay Brakefield and Alan Govenar, Deep Ellum and Central Track: Where the Black and White Worlds of Dallas Converged (Denton: University of North Texas Press, 1998). Dallas Morning News, March 22, 1931. Bill Malone, Country Music, U.S.A. (2d rev. ed., Austin: University of Texas Press, 2002). Prince Albert Hunt, folkstreams.net (http://www.folkstreams.net/film,180), accessed November 4, 2015.

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The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Shaun Stalzer, "HUNT, ARCHIE ALBERT [PRINCE ALBERT] ," accessed September 24, 2018, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fhu95.

Uploaded on April 3, 2015. Modified on November 4, 2015. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

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