Joanne Seale Wilson

HUTCHESON, JOHN WILLIAM (1829–1862). John William Hutcheson, lawyer, member of the Texas Secession Convention, and Confederate soldier, was born in October 1829 in Mecklenburg County, Virginia, the oldest son of Charles Sterling and Mary (Mitchell) Hutcheson. His younger brother Joseph Chappell Hutcheson, served in the Texas Legislature after the Civil War. John Hutcheson attended Randolph Macon College, in Boydton, Virginia, from 1846 to 1850 and afterwards the University of Virginia Law School, graduating in 1852. He was then admitted to the Virginia bar and in 1853 emigrated to Texas and set up a law practice in Anderson, Grimes County.

On September 11, 1855, he married Laura Baker, daughter of Isaac Baker from nearby Plantersville. They had one daughter, Laura, born in 1857. William was admitted to the State Bar of Texas on February 10, 1858, and practiced with partner Isham G. Searcy. He was a Mason.

He was an unopposed candidate for the State Senate at the time of Fort Sumter. When war was threatened he withdrew his candidacy and was voted instead a member of the Texas State Convention which passed the Secession Ordinance in 1861. Once Texas had seceded, Hutcheson joined a cavalry troop, the Grimes County Greys, which became Company G, Fourth Texas Infantry Regiment. He was elected captain. Hutcheson and his company, which formed part of Hood's Texas Brigade, fought at the Battle of West Point on the York River on May 7, 1862.

J.W. Hutcheson was fatally wounded while leading a charge at the Battle of Gaines' Mill on June 27, 1862. He died on June 29, 1862. His obituary in the Richmond Christian Advocate of August 21, 1862, reads: "Cool and self possessed, he requested a friend to write to his father and say that he fell discharging his duty and defending his country from a ruthless foe—He leaves a wife and one child, with a number of dear friends, to mourn his death."


Edward C. Hutcheson, The Freedom Tree: A Chapter from the Saga of Texas (Waco: Texian Press, 1970). John William Hutcheson Papers, 1852–1903, MS037, Woodson Research Center, Fondren Library, Rice University. Richmond Christian Advocate, August 21, 1862. Joanne Hutcheson Seale Wilson, John William Hutcheson: Pioneering Texan 1829–1862 (Conroe, Texas: Montgomery County Genealogical & Historical Society, Inc., 2006).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to:

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Joanne Seale Wilson, "HUTCHESON, JOHN WILLIAM," accessed July 19, 2019,

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Modified on March 4, 2011. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

Get this week's most popular Handbook of Texas articles delivered straight to your inbox