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HURD, JAMES GARDNER (1813–1883). James Gardner Hurd, officer of the Texas Navy, was born in 1813 at Middle Haddam, Connecticut, the only son of Ann (Gardner) and Norman Hurd. After a youth spent at sea with his father, he moved in 1837 to Texas, where Sam Houston forwarded his nomination as an officer in the navy, which was confirmed by the Texas Senate. Hurd served as first lieutenant of the Brutus for the life of the Texas navy. In 1846 he married Julia A. Day of New York; the couple had three children, only one of whom lived to maturity. After annexation Hurd served under the elder Hurd in the Galveston and Sabine customhouses. He was opposed to secession and declined to take a part in the Civil War. Afterward he became the confidential clerk of Charles Fowler, Galveston manager of the Morgan Lines. Hurd served for a time on the Galveston City Council and was a stockholder and official of the Galveston Fire and Marine Insurance Company. From the first epidemic in 1838 until his death, he worked with yellow fever victims. He was inspector of vessels for the port of Galveston at the time of his death, on March 14, 1883.

Daughters of the Republic of Texas, Founders and Patriots of the Republic of Texas (Austin, 1963–). History of Texas, Together with a Biographical History of the Cities of Houston and Galveston (Chicago: Lewis, 1895). Amelia W. Williams and Eugene C. Barker, eds., The Writings of Sam Houston, 1813–1863 (8 vols., Austin: University of Texas Press, 1938–43; rpt., Austin and New York: Pemberton Press, 1970).
Thomas W. Cutrer

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Handbook of Texas Online, Thomas W. Cutrer, "Hurd, James Gardner," accessed November 17, 2017,

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.