While our physical offices are closed until further notice in accordance with Austin's COVID-19 "stay home-work safe" order, the Handbook of Texas will remain available at no-cost for you, your fellow history enthusiasts, and all Texas students currently mandated to study from home. If you have the capacity to help us maintain our online Texas history resources during these uncertain times, please consider making a 100% tax-deductible contribution today. Thank you for your support of TSHA and Texas history. Donate Today »


Ted Banks
Sarah Ann Stinson Hogg (1854–1895).
Sarah Ann "Sallie" Hogg—First Lady of Texas. Image available on the Internet and included in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.

HOGG, SARAH ANN STINSON [SALLIE] (1854–1895). Sarah Ann “Sallie” Stinson Hogg, wife of Texas governor James Stephen Hogg, was born on August 9, 1854, in Troup County, Georgia. She was the daughter of future Confederate colonel James Alexander Stinson and Sarah Ann (West) Stinson. Her mother died when she was a small child, and the 1860 census recorded James Stinson and his children (John, Sarah, and James) living in Harrisonville, Troup County, Georgia. Within a few years James Stinson married his second wife, Mary (possibly Jones or Johnston), and by 1868 the family had moved to Texas and settled near Quitman in Wood County. James Stinson established himself there as a prominent farmer and lumberman after purchasing a plantation with a gristmill and sawmill. In 1869 when she was fourteen, Sarah began attending a private school in Quitman. There she met eighteen-year-old James Hogg, who had enrolled at the school for a “short course.” James Hogg and Sarah Stinson then parted ways as she continued her schooling and James went off to pursue a career.

Five years later Hogg was a young justice of the peace in Wood County, and he began courting Sarah “Sallie” Stinson when he was twenty-three and she was nineteen. Initially Colonel Stinson was not enthusiastic for the union and instead wanted his daughter to finish her education and perhaps hold out for a more promising suitor, but Sarah won her father over, and the couple was married in the Stinson parlor on April 22, 1874. The Hoggs lived in Quitman, where their first child, William Clifford, was born in 1875. James Hogg was admitted to the bar the following year. His career trajectory to the governorship took the family to several cities in Texas. Their daughter Ima was born in Mineola in 1882. Their son Michael was born in Tyler in 1885, and son Thomas Elisha was born in Austin in 1887. 

Hogg Family.
Sarah "Sallie" Hogg (far right) with her husband James Stephen Hogg and their four children. Image available on the Internet and included in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.

Sarah Hogg was a devout Methodist and passed on her religious values to her children. Ima Hogg remembered her mother “Sallie” as a consummate homemaker. Skilled in the art of fine needlework and home decorum, Sarah Hogg opened her home for various social receptions. As a first lady of Texas, she redecorated the Governor’s Mansion but was also a close advisor and confidant to her husband in matters of state. Also musically talented, Sarah encouraged Ima to study piano, and this early exposure to music influenced Ima as a musical patron for the rest of her life. Sarah Hogg supported a classical education for her children and their participation in cultural events and helped instill in them a strong commitment to public service.

After years of delicate health, Sarah was diagnosed with tuberculosis in 1895. She spent the summer of 1895 at the home of her sister-in-law, Martha Frances Hogg Davis, in Pueblo, Colorado, for a “rest cure.” On September 21, 1895, Sarah Ann Stinson Hogg succumbed to the disease in Pueblo. She was buried in the Hogg family plot in Oakwood Cemetery in Austin, Texas. 


Virginia Bernhard, ed., The Hoggs of Texas: Letters and Memoirs of an Extraordinary Family, 1887–1906 (Denton: Texas State Historical Association, 2013). Kate Sayen Kirkland, The Hogg Family and Houston: Philanthrophy and the Civic Idea (Austin: University of Texas Press, 2009). “Sarah Ann ‘Sallie’ Stinson Hogg,” Find A Grave Memorial (https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/20798435/sarah-ann-hogg), accessed February 20, 2019.

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Ted Banks, "HOGG, SARAH ANN STINSON [SALLIE] ," accessed August 04, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fhogg.

Uploaded on February 23, 2019. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...